Good News Email – Special Edition – KipMcKean.com Update

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** November 24, 2014
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UPDATED SPECIAL EDITION
The History Of The Spread Of Christianity In Modern Times
ATTN: If the pictures in this article are distorted, then click on the “view it in your browser” link located at the top right-hand corner of the page.
Dear <<First Name>>,
Greetings in the Lord from Washington DC! If you have read this article in the past year, perhaps you will simply want to scroll down to the newest chapter: 2014 – The Year Of Prayer. Otherwise enjoy the entire narrative or go to KipMcKean.com (http://www.kipmckean.com) .
In His service,
Ron Harding

A HISTORY OF THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN MODERN TIMES
By Ron Harding*

The primary purposes of this exciting narration are to honor God with the truth and to encourage those who have never had the dream – or perhaps have lost it – to share in Jesus’ dream of the “evangelization of all nations in this generation.” (1 Timothy 2:3-4) Since we live in an age in which the proliferation of information is often distorted, I have sought to carefully investigate and document with first-hand accounts – including my own – the incredible story of the spread of true Christianity from the 1970’s to this very day. Much of this rich history is intertwined with the life of my “partner in the gospel” Kip McKean – known as a preacher, missionary, reformer, theologian and humanitarian. Therefore, using many of his experiences as a timeline – his faith, his faults and his rekindled fire – allows a detailed rendering for this “orderly [historical] account.” (Luke 1:1-4; Acts 1:1)
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/manila-final.jpg
Kip McKean at Smokey Mountain outside
of Manila in 1989!

** Overview
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Dr. Thomas Wayne McKean II (May 31, 1954 – present) was named after his ancestor Thomas McKean, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. (His mother nicknamed him “Kip.”) In 2003, Kip became the Evangelist for the Portland International Church of Christ. In October 2006, after a valiant three-year effort to bring reform to the crumbling International Churches of Christ, the Holy Spirit used Kip, soon joined by other valiant disciples on every continent, to initiate the new Portland / SoldOut Discipling Movement!

In May 2007, Kip and Elena McKean alongside 40 other disciples from Portland planted the City of Angels International Christian Church, which now has 1,200 at their Sunday Services! While leading the City of Angels Church, Kip serves as the “World Missions Evangelist” for the now fastest spreading Christian movement in the world! Another milestone was achieved in 2012, as decades of dreams and prayers were fulfilled with the founding of the International College of Christian Ministries where Kip serves as the President.

Of note in 1979, Kip and Elena were invited to lead the Lexington Church of Christ (later renamed the Boston Church of Christ). From these “30 would-be-disciples,” the Spirit ignited a movement of churches known as the Boston Movement and in 1994 renamed the International Churches of Christ. Kip’s tenacious embrace of Jesus’ radical dream “to evangelize the nations in a generation,” his bold theological reforms, his personal warmth coupled with his charismatic and uncompromising Bible preaching, allowed the Spirit to take the gospel from one small dying church in Boston to become almost 400 churches in 171 of the 196 nations of the world by the year 2000! Then as this noble effort was being tragically decimated in 2001, 2002 and 2003, God sent Kip on a rocky path of suffering and redemption. For two years, he wandered in a lonely, spiritual wilderness, which greatly humbled him. Yet, those dark days ultimately strengthened Kip’s resolve to fulfill “the dream.” Therefore in
2014, it is so amazing that in just seven years, God’s new SoldOut Movement has almost 60 congregations in 26 nations… and counting! From a historical perspective, no other preacher in the past century has been directly responsible for the planting of so many congregations around the world!

Concerning “the evangelization of the nations in this generation,” some have asked, “What is going to be different this ‘second time’ around?” This presupposes the question, “Can it be different this second time?” The answer in the Scriptures is a resounding yes! The first time the Israelites approached the Promised Land, their lack of faith led them to the dreadful desires to choose a different leader than the one God had chosen and to return to their lives of slavery in Egypt. This unbelief ultimately resulted in their death in the desert. The second time the Spirit led the Israelites to the border of the Promised Land, the Hebrew people – having learned to rely on God in their wanderings in the desert – now succeeded to make God’s dream and promise a reality. This same learning from the past prayerfully will be true for God’s new SoldOut Movement. As Kip preached at the 2010 Jubilee on the theme of The Promised Land on the Second Try, “Second is best because God rewards
the quest.”
Table of Contents
Overview (#_Toc185591988)
Early Life And Family (#_Toc185599045)
Marriage And Children (#_Toc185599046)
High School And College Years (#_Toc184522613)
God’s Preparation And Education (#_Toc185599048)
Revolutionary Theology (#_Toc185599049)
The Boston Movement Begins (#_Toc185599050)
Unprecedented Growth And Impact (#_Toc185599051)
The Boston Movement Plantings (#_Toc185599052)
Central Leadership – The World Sector Leaders (#_Toc185599053)
World Missions Evangelist – Sabbatical (#_Toc184522618)
The Cape Fear Psalm (#_Toc185599054)
The Destruction Of A Global Movement (#_Toc185599055) .
Fired By Men – Approved By God (#_Toc185599056)
The Spirit Moves The McKeans To Portland (#_Toc185599057)
The Portland Song (#_Toc185599058)
The Global Internet Ministry is Initiated (#_Toc185599059)
The Portland Controversy (#_Toc185599060)
The Birth Of The SoldOut Movement (#_Toc185599061)
The Spirit Takes The McKeans To Los Angeles (#_Toc185599062)
The Portland Church Is Led Astray (#_Toc185599063)
The Crown Of Thorns Project (#_Toc185599064)
God Gathers From The Farthest Horizon (#_Toc185599065)
The New Movement Multiplies (#_Toc185599066)
The Founding of the International College of Christian Ministries (#_Toc185599066)
2014 – The Year of Prayer (#_Toc185591111)
Faithful To The End (#_Toc185599067)

** Early Life And Family
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Kip McKean was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 31, 1954. Like many young men of the 1960’s, he was inspired by those who refused to compromise and were willing to sacrifice everything for a worthy cause. This temperament is also deep in the McKean family heritage, as they are called higher by the courage of one of their ancestors, Thomas McKean. As with all of the “Signers of the Declaration of Independence,” death threats were common. Interestingly, Thomas McKean not only was a “Signer” for Delaware, but also was “the President” of the Congress of Confederation – the highest office in the new United States of America – when news arrived from General Washington that the British had surrendered!

Kip’s father, serving as an admiral in the U.S. Navy, became a strong influence and an early role model for leadership and excellence. His mother, a very talented artist, nurtured in him a warmth as well as a character of resilience. Between the ages of seven and 16, every summer Kip alongside his beloved younger brother Randy and dear younger sister Dana spent one month with each set of grandparents – “Grampy and Grammy” and “Grandpa and Grandma.” Those days with his grandparents in Michigan and Indiana respectively heightened his sense of adventure and deepened his love and appreciation of family.
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/parents1.jpg
Both of Kip’s parents – Tom & Kim – celebrate their 80th
Birthdays in the summer of 2008!

During his high school years – in Virginia Beach, Virginia; Winter Park, Florida; and Libertyville, Illinois – Kip was active in athletics, was selected to be a member of the National Honor Society, and also obtained the rank of Eagle in the Boy Scouts. During these formative years, Kip’s heroes became John F. Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. However, in time, Kip’s greatest hero became Jesus.

**
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Kip & Elena are married on December 11, 1976!

Kip married Elena Garcia-Bengochea on December 11, 1976. Elena was born in Havana, Cuba on September 2, 1955 and fled with her family to the United States in a boat in 1959. Growing up in Gainesville, Florida, Elena attended P. K. Yonge High School. She distinguished herself as an honor student, Student Body Treasurer, Captain of the Tennis Team, Captain of the Varsity Cheerleaders, and Homecoming Queen.

At 17, Elena was baptized into Christ the summer before her freshman year at the University of Florida on August 8, 1973. Kip and Elena met at the Crossroads Church of Christ and were married there. In 1981, they welcomed their first child – Olivia. Then in 1982 and 1984 respectively, Sean and Eric were born. Their strong characters of the McKeans’ children as well as their godly upbringing are illustrated by the fact that Olivia and Sean graduated from Harvard and Eric, though accepted at Harvard, chose to attend and then graduated from Stanford, where he served as Captain of the renowned Stanford Tennis Team. (Their educations were funded through the combination of the McKeans’ small savings, Kip’s parents, close friends of the McKeans, and scholarships – both academic and athletic, as well as financial aid.)
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The McKeans’ children in 1990 in Los Angeles!

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Eric, Olivia and Sean in 2008!

Through the years, through all their individual trials, the McKeans remain an extremely happy and tight-knit family. All three children have married and have very successful careers. Kip and Elena are now tremendously excited to be grandparents!
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“Abuelo Kip” and one of his beloved
granddaughters Scarlett!

** High School And College Years
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Prior to high school, Kip was not religious. However, at the end of Kip’s sophomore year in high school, he became very involved in a dynamic fundamental Christian congregation in Maitland, Florida – the Asbury United Methodist Church. Here he came to a deep personal faith in Christ and in the divine inspiration of the Bible.
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The Asbury United Methodist Church of Maitland, Florida
where Kip wasfirst influenced to study the Bible!

At the end of his freshman year at the University of Florida, he was invited to a college devotional sponsored by the 14th Street Church of Christ. (A year later, this congregation adopted the name of the Crossroads Church of Christ.) This congregation in Gainesville had begun a pilot program for campus ministry for the Mainline Churches of Christ just five years earlier. Some of the more progressive Mainline Churches of Christ desired to impact the secular college campus and initially modeled their efforts after Campus Crusade. They called this new program – led by Chuck Lucas – Campus Advance. Here Kip was taught to give up everything for Christ and be baptized for the remission of sins to become a Christian. As a 17 year old freshman, Kip made this commitment and was baptized at 1:30AM on April 11, 1972.

For summer vacation in 1972, Kip returned home to Chicago. He became very sick; boils covered the entire upper part of his body. Bandages were wrapped around his body for the next three months. He believes that at this time God was testing and humbling him, particularly through the scarring on his face. Of note, the members of the Mainline Church of Christ that he attended in the Chicago area never came to visit him while he was sick. This incident in his life sensitized him to meeting people’s needs, particularly visiting the sick. Later that summer, even though the doctors strongly advised him otherwise because of his weakened health, he returned to Gainesville so that he could once again participate in a strong fellowship of college Christians.

During his sophomore year in college, though involved in the High Honors Chemistry Pre-med Program at the University of Florida, Kip began to dream about becoming a campus minister. God reinforced this dream when his brother Randy was diagnosed with cancer in the spring of 1973. Kip baptized his brother six months later. (His sister Dana was baptized 15 years later.) Kip’s Christianity also led to conflict where he lived in the Sigma Chi Fraternity House. That same year, his stand for purity almost led to his dismissal from the fraternity. However, many of his fellow fraternity brothers rallied around him electing him “Tribune.” Also, during his three years of living in the fraternity house, he hosted a weekly Bible Study in his room, through which eight of his fraternity brothers were baptized into Christ. These events solidified Kip’s sense that God was calling him into the full-time ministry, thus sacrificing the much more lucrative lifestyle of a doctor.
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In 1973, Kip hears the voice of God and
decides to go into the ministry!

During his college years while attending the Crossroads Church of Christ, the vision of dynamic campus ministries throughout America was put on Kip’s heart. He was inspired by the powerful preaching of Chuck Lucas and his associate Sam Laing, as well as in their innovations derived from Biblical principles: “prayer partners” – based on the “one another” Scriptures, “counting the cost” with each individual before baptism from Luke 14:25-33, and evangelistic small group Bible studies called “Soul Talks.” At this point, the seeds of discipling were placed in his life as he personally saw how one man could affect another’s daily lifestyle and eternal destiny for God. During these early years of the “Crossroads Movement” – also known as the “Total Commitment Movement” – the Crossroads Church and the young ministers they sent out became more and more controversial within the Mainline Churches of Christ, because of these innovations. In some cases, these “Crossroads Ministry Chur
ches” were “disfellowshipped” or “marked” by the “other” Mainline Churches of Christ.

** God’s Preparation And Education
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Kip first served in the fulltime ministry as the Campus
Minister to Northeastern Christian College
beginning in 1975!

In June 1975, Kip graduated from the University of Florida with High Honors as well as being selected to the most well-known of all scholastic honorary fraternities – Phi Beta Kappa. Shortly afterward, the Spirit guided Kip to Philadelphia where he was hired as the Campus Minister for Northeastern Christian College (NCC), a Mainline Church of Christ school. Here he saw first-hand how uncommitted many of the so-called “Christian students” were: drugs, drunkenness, prejudice, impurity and immorality were prevalent. He came to a deep conviction that being religious is not the same as being a righteous and true follower of Jesus.

While Kip was serving as the Campus Minister at NCC, the King of Prussia Church of Christ gave him a scholarship to attend Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary. There he was challenged by one of his professors, the Dean of Academics, that the Bible is not the “only” inspired Word of God. Shocked, yet sure in his faith, Kip zealously responded to the Dean’s challenge, “If there are any other holy writings beside the Bible, then Christianity is reduced to simply another philosophy like Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism or Hinduism. To me, Christ and His Word are the only way, the only truth and the only life.” This core conviction has guided Kip during his 39 years of full-time ministry. As with Jesus, the Apostles and all of God’s prophets, Kip has been persecuted with several death threats, as well as publically chastised in TV shows, on the internet, and in magazines and newspapers for his “narrow view” of the Bible and salvation. (Matthew 7:13-14, Acts 4:12) Yet, he has never
wavered in his convictions about Jesus as the Christ and the inspiration of the Old and New Testament Scriptures.

In the fall of 1976, Kip began to serve the Lord at the Heritage Chapel Church of Christ in Charleston, Illinois where he was asked to initiate a campus ministry at Eastern Illinois University, a small college of 9,300 students. During his three years there – starting with just seven college students – God blessed his ministry with 300 campus baptisms!
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Kip and Elena during their second year in Illinois,
visiting Elena’s extended family – the
Garcia-Bengochea Familia!

Interestingly, Illinois was considered a “mission field” of the Mainline Churches of Christ, as the Mainline Churches are largely concentrated in America’s Southern States – the “Bible Belt.” Kip was supported “as a missionary” by the Memorial Church of Christ in Houston, Texas. After nine months, some of the elders of the Memorial Church visited the Heritage Chapel Church. Instead of rejoicing at the large number of converts, they were “appalled” by the clapping during the singing of devotional songs, women praying in mixed groups, and the overall fervor of the worship service. Accused of “Pentecostalism,” “brain-washing,” and “cult-like practices,” Kip was fired by the Memorial Church two weeks later. Yet inside of the Heritage Chapel Church, the members were very appreciative and loyal. God blessed the church’s Biblical convictions from Kip’s preaching as financial support was quickly found from the Union Avenue Church of Christ in Memphis, Tennessee. The Union Avenue C
hurch generously gave Kip not only financial support, but also a full scholarship to Harding Graduate School of Religion, a “Mainline Church of Christ seminary.”

** Revolutionary Theology
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Continuing his quest of a Masters in Theology which he began at Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Kip attended Harding Graduate School for two summers. He concluded that though helpful in scholastic pursuits, a formal seminary where future ministers were consumed with their academics and so were “removed” from being immersed in the lives of people was not the way to train evangelists. Rather, it is one minster walking with another like Jesus with His Twelve, or Paul training Timothy and Titus.

Well documented at this time was that an “average” Mainline Church of Christ congregation had 150 members and only eight baptisms per year. Six of these baptisms were children of the members and the others were baptized from the world. A majority of the member’s children left the church, and over 90% of the other baptisms fell away. This stagnation remains in the Mainline Churches to this day.

Flavil Yeakley, in his book Why Churches Grow, reported that Mac Lynn’s first accurate survey of the Mainline Churches of Christ revealed only 965,439 actual members as opposed to the 2.5 million that had been claimed. He discovered that instead of an estimated 15,000 congregations, there were actually only 10,165 Mainline Churches of Christ in America. Lynn recorded, “The Churches of Christ have only 24 churches with a membership of 1,000 or more, only four with a membership of 2,000 or more, and only one with a membership of more than 3,000.” The largest Mainline Church of Christ outside the borders of the United States was only 500 in attendance. Yeakley also wrote, “In 1980, the Church of Christ in the United States did stop increasing and started decreasing in total membership [through fall aways and an escalating death rate in an aging membership]. It is clear that if the 1965-1980 trend were to continue unchanged, the Church of Christ would cease to exist in this
nation in just a few years.”

Since the senior minister of the Heritage Chapel Church was only able to baptize a few adults, the adult membership remained lukewarm. So during Kip’s time in Charleston, he realized that no matter how dynamic a campus ministry was, unless a whole church is “totally committed,” the campus ministry’s impact will be limited. From Kip’s experience and travels, he observed that many Mainline Churches of Christ with campus ministers from Crossroads split and several of these young campus ministers in turn quit the ministry. In time, Kip would preach, “No one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins, the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined. No, new wine must be poured into new wineskins.” (Luke 5:37-38) Thus, Kip concluded through prayer and Bible study that the best way to build churches where every member is “totally committed” is to start new churches – for “new wine [zealous young ministers] must be poured into new
wineskins [new churches].”

In Kip’s years at Charleston and Memphis, he devoted himself to studying the Old Testament. This became a major turning point in Kip’s revolutionary theology. First of all, he came to a deep conviction that unlike the Mainline Church of Christ whose plea was to be a “New Testament Church,” a better understanding of God’s eternal plan and His Word would create a “Bible Church.” He fully realized that the Law – “the written code, with its regulations” from the Old Testament, were “nailed to the cross” thus nullifying it. (Colossians 2:14-15) However, Kip taught from 2 Timothy 3:16 that “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness.” The word “Scripture” in the context of this passage refers only to the Old Testament; therefore, the intent by Paul was to call Timothy – and all disciples – to use the Old Testament “Scriptures” in their preaching, in their discipling, and in their lives. (City of Angels Interna
tional Christian Church Bulletin – May 22, 2011: The Biblical Significance Of The Old Testament In New Testament Times)

Secondly, Kip came to differ with the Mainline Church of Christ on Bible interpretation. In the early 1800’s, Thomas Campbell – one of the founders of the Restoration Movement, which is the heritage of the Mainline Church of Christ – gave the Mainline Church of Christ the following creed: “Speak where the Bible speaks, and be silent where the Bible is silent.” This creed dictated that one must have specific authorization by command, example or necessary inference only from the New Testament in order to implement a teaching or practice. However, Kip – believing that both the New Testament and Old Testament should be the foundation of the church – coined a phrase in sharp contrast to the Mainline’s approach to interpretation. Kip taught churches should be: “Silent where the Bible speaks, and speak where the Bible is silent.” In other words, a Christian should simply obey where the Bible speaks, and speak (have opinions) where the Bible is silent. Theologically, Christians are
free to implement any practice or apply any name that is not prohibited in the Bible.

These two revolutionary concepts about the Scriptures were the fundamental reasons that many Mainline Churches of Christ opposed Kip. Ironically, though he is regarded by most as the “Founder of the International Churches of Christ,” when in the early 2000’s after the ICOC had returned to a more Mainline Church of Christ theological stance, because Kip continued to hold these same convictions, these revolutionary views of Scripture were the underlying causes for most of the leaders of the ICOC to vehemently oppose Kip and God’s new SoldOut Discipling Movement.

** The Boston Movement Begins
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In 1979, during the McKeans’ last year in Charleston, the Elders of the Lexington Church of Christ in Massachusetts contacted Kip to be both their pulpit and campus minister. At that time, this Mainline Church of Christ was desperate for a new direction as they were considering closing their doors, because their number had shrunk to about 60 members. When the McKeans interviewed for the position, Kip expressed to the leaders in the Lexington congregation that in order for Elena and him to come, the leaders would need to support him in calling “every member” – adults, singles, campus and teens – to be “totally committed.” After five long months of deliberation, they believed that God had not given them any other alternative, so they unanimously invited the young 25 year old preacher to lead them!

Driving all night from Charleston to Boston, the McKeans arrived in the morning of Friday, June 1, 1979. So in this small dying congregation, history was made that fateful evening, as “30 would-be disciples” gathered with enormous expectations in the living-room of members Bob and Pat Gempel to hear Kip’s first lesson! At this point, the Lexington Church was simply viewed as another congregation of the “Crossroads” or “Total Commitment Movement.” The profound difference between the Lexington Church and the other “Crossroads Ministries” would soon become apparent as Kip’s revolutionary call from the Bible was for every member of the church to be “totally committed,” not just the campus students.
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Kip & Elena in 2012 in front of what was the Lexington
Church of Christ building in 1979!

In 1980, to help his congregation to grow spiritually and numerically, Kip developed a Bible Study Series called First Principles. (Hebrews 5:12; 6:1-3 WEV) The members of the church were asked to memorize these studies and then use the First Principles Studies so that each Christian could be trained to teach non-Christians the original standards that God has for individuals to become disciples of Christ. Perhaps the most radical and impacting study of the series was called “Discipleship.” In this study, Kip taught that in Acts 11:26: SAVED = CHRISTIAN = DISCIPLE. Simply meaning that you cannot be saved and one is not a true Christian without being a baptized disciple. (John 4:1-2; Acts 2:38-42) Kip developed the “Discipleship Study” not only to convert non-Christians, but to bring to light the sharp Biblical distinction between the Lexington (later renamed Boston) Church of Christ, and all “other churches,” including the “Crossroads Ministries.” As a result of the call to
“total commitment” to God and the practice of the Biblical concept of discipleship from everyone in the congregation, the Boston Church of Christ multiplied disciples at an unprecedented rate!

Another of Kip’s radical Biblical restorations was the role of an evangelist. He believed that the evangelist’s charge was not simply to shepherd his congregation, but to evangelize that church’s region of influence. (2 Corinthians 10:13-16) Thus in Boston, he divided the city into four geographical “regions.” An evangelist was placed over the disciples that lived in this “territory” for the purpose of evangelizing the entire “field.” In each region there were a number of “house churches,” and in each house church there were a number of Bible Talks. This “pyramidal structure” was Kip’s innovative application of Exodus 18:13-26.

To have the church appreciate the incredible training and sacrifice to become an Evangelist or Women’s Ministry Leader, Kip and Elena began to appoint qualified individuals in front of the congregation. During this powerful ceremony, Kip (or Elena if appointing a Women’s Ministry Leader) would share personally about the deserving disciple and then close out with the “ancient charge” of 2 Timothy 4:1-2 and the presentation of a Bible. This practice was imitated “everywhere in every church” in the Boston Movement, thus further unifying the churches. (1 Corinthians 4:14-17) So amazing is that every congregation in the Boston Movement “recognized” the appointed Evangelists and Women’s Ministry Leaders throughout the other churches in the movement!

** Unprecedented Growth And Impact
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During the ten years that the McKeans served the Boston Church of Christ, the Spirit produced exponential growth! The original Lexington Church of Christ had witnessed only two baptisms in the previous three years before June 1979. Through the restoration of the radical call and practice that every member of the congregation is “totally committed,” the Boston Church of Christ had 103 baptisms the first year! The most dynamic Mainline Church of Christ for decades had only baptized 200 to 300 each year. In fact, during the 80’s, every year a list of Mainline Churches of Christ baptizing 100 or more was published which usually had only 15 Mainline Churches listed. With God’s Spirit working through the McKeans, the Boston Church of Christ saw 200 baptisms their second year; 256 their third; 368 in the fourth; 457 in the fifth; 679 in the sixth; 735 in the seventh; 947 in the eighth; 1424 in the ninth; and in the churches tenth year 1621 were baptized into Christ. By this time
also, the Sunday attendance in Boston was approaching 4,000 as the church met in the famed Boston Garden, “home” of the Boston Celtics professional basketball team. Not only was this the largest single congregation in the history of New England, but it also became the largest “Church of Christ” in the entire world!
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The Lexington Church of Christ out-grew its building
after just one year of the McKeans’ ministry. Their
second location was the beautiful First Baptist
Church of Arlington. (Pictured above) Then in
1982 after filling up this building, they
moved into the Boston Opera House,
which is located within the city
limits of Boston. It was at that
juncture that the Lexington
Church of Christ legally
changed its name to the
“Boston Church of
Christ.”

Perhaps unappreciated by the casual observer was the challenge to meet the needs and keep faithful the unprecedented number of new Christians – over 2,000 in the first six years in Boston! In the 60’s and 70’s in the denominational world, there had been much discussion and writing on the “body life of the church” and “shepherding one another.” Thus, in the Crossroads Movement, “one another Christianity” was expressed in a buddy system called “prayer partners,” where each person chose their own “buddy” or “buddies.” Many chose Christians even of the opposite sex!

With so many new Christians in the Boston Church of Christ, Kip felt that the “buddy system” approach was not effective. Building upon the concepts of “shepherding” and “prayer partners,” he came up with “discipleship partners.” In these relationships, the evangelists, elders and women’s ministry leaders – after discussion and prayer – arranged for an older or stronger Christian of the same sex to give direction to each of the younger or weaker ones. (This principle of mentoring is clearly seen in Jesus’ relationship with the Twelve, Paul’s relationship to Timothy, as well as in Titus 2:3-5 where the older women are commanded to train the younger women.) Each pair was expected to meet weekly and have daily contact. This “one-over-one” discipling paradigm was also applied to marriages; thus came the innovation of “marriage discipling” – a mature married couple mentoring a younger married couple. Also honoring marriage, another of Kip’s creative innovations was to replace
“Bachelor Parties” (often accompanied with worldly overtones) with “Groom Honoring Parties.”

** The Boston Movement Plantings
————————————————————

In 1981, the Lord put a vision on Kip’s heart: “The evangelization of the nations in a generation.” This passion was ignited as he was influenced by former missionaries and the mission efforts especially of the Sunset School of Preaching – a Mainline Church of Christ school to train preachers – located in Lubbock, Texas. Kip’s plan was a simple one: if the Boston Church of Christ could place a small group of disciples (a mission team) in each of the key metropolitan centers of the world, they in turn – by the multiplication of leaders and disciples – could send church plantings to each of the capital cities of the surrounding nations that were under their influence. Then these “capital city churches” could send out church plantings throughout that nation. Therefore, collectively, these capital city churches would evangelize the nations in one generation just as in the first century. (Acts 19:8-10; Colossians 1:6, 23)

The key churches planted in the major metropolitan centers were called “pillar churches” – for a world brotherhood was envisioned to be built on them. Dr. Donald McGavran, the “Father of Modern Church Growth” (in the broadest definition of Christianity), saw the Boston Movement as unique in that it had a plan to evangelize the entire world from one congregation. Almost everyone in the Boston Movement saw the uniqueness of this simple plan as God revealing “His plan” to “evangelize the nations in a generation.”

Kip zealously pursued this vision, as he trained ministers in Boston. Women were also trained in “women’s ministry” by Elena and Pat Gempel. These trained ministry couples were sent to the “pillar cities.” In 1982, Chicago, Illinois and London, England, were the first two plantings of the Boston Movement. By 2000, the Chicago Church attendance was 5,000 and the London Church attendance was 3,000.

In 1983, the New York City Church of Christ was planted. Though this city had a population of 18 million, only 18 disciples were sent from Boston. Kip deeply believed that only one church of “totally committed” disciples – no matter how small – would be necessary to evangelize an entire metropolitan area – no matter how large. At its zenith in 2001, the New York City Church had 7,000 in attendance.

In 1985, Toronto, Canada became the Boston Movement’s second foreign planting. The Lord blessed this congregation with over 100 baptisms in their very first year!

In 1986, Johannesburg, South Africa was planted. God used this planting in a powerful way to glorify His name among the nations, as the “black” and “white” disciples did not merely coexist, but in honor to God, for the first time hugged one another as “one church” in the midst of apartheid and under the threat of extremists. Paris and Stockholm were also planted in 1986, which proved language as an inconsequential barrier for the mission work of the Boston Movement.

In 1987 came the plantings of Mexico City, Mexico; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Hong Kong, China. Also of special note – as detailed in the LA Story’s entitled Revolution (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=831&call=1) , Multiplicity (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=869&call=1) , and From Here to Eternity (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=893&call=1) – 1987 marked the milestone of the then disparate churches abandoning autonomy to form one ‘world brotherhood’ which would have a central leadership. It was written in multiple articles that autonomy was the evil which would insure the world would never be evangelized, let alone in our generation.
* 1987 – Friends are Friends Forever (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=636&call=1)
* 1988 – Disposition Diseases (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=668&call=1)

* 1988 – World Brotherhood (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=648&call=1)
* 1992 – Year of the Bible (http://www.upsidedown21.org/1.1/inc/services/iframed/archives_service.php?langID=1&artID=799&call=1)

In 1988, Bombay, India; Cairo, Egypt; and Tokyo, Japan were planted. The Tokyo planting was built on the Mainline Yoyogi-Hachiman Church of Christ foundation of the 1950’s built by George and Irene Gurganus – whom Kip affectionately called his “Spiritual Grandparents.”

In 1989, there were seven plantings whose mission teams were collectively composed of 120 Bible Talk Leaders sent out from Boston: Honolulu, Hawaii; Los Angeles, California; Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, Florida; Seattle, Washington; Washington DC; Manila, Philippines; and Bangkok, Thailand.

In 1990, the McKeans moved from Boston to Los Angeles to inspire the other church leaders of the movement by leading a smaller church which was “more relatable in size” to the other Boston Movement congregations – thus more easily imitated. (It was from Los Angeles in 1991 that Moscow, Russia was planted.) Valiantly, Kip and Elena personally led the mission teams to Manila, Bangkok and Moscow! In the first year in Manila, 400 were baptized into Christ! In Moscow’s first year, 850 were baptized!
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Moscow-1.jpg
Kip’s photo of the Moscow Mission Team on July 9, 1991
– the day they landed in Moscow! (Elena is
pictured on the far right.)

Of note, in the summer of 1989 after planting Manila, Kip courageously moved his family to Cairo after seven of the original eight mission team members – who were Americans – were deported by the government. This was a daring decision for Kip, Elena and their three young children. Kip felt that if he was to call others to preach in such life-threatening places as the Middle East, he himself must set an example to demonstrate this radical level of faith and sacrifice. Not only in Cairo, but throughout all of his years in ministry to this present day, there have been several death threats against Kip and even a few against his whole family, as preaching the truth always earns Satan’s wrath. (Revelation 2:13, 12:17)
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/John_Beshai.jpg
In 2011, the Egyptian lawyer John Beshai – a hero of the
evangelization of the Middle East – joined the
SoldOut Movement! John went home to
the Father on September 1, 2013.

Unique to the Boston Movement, not only did disciples make disciples, but churches planted churches. The Boston Church planted each of the “pillar churches,” which planted other churches, which planted still others. By 2001, at the time of his sabbatical, there were almost 400 churches in 171 nations and a combined Sunday morning attendance of about 200,000! 42 churches had more than 1,000 in attendance and 15 churches had more than 3,000 in attendance! The largest international congregation was the Manila Church at 6,000 in attendance! These numbers were staggering when compared with the Mainline Churches of Christ or any denominational group. Never in history has any church growth movement ever spread as quickly and to so many nations!

From 1981 on through the 80’s greatly aiding this expansion was the coming into the movement of about 2,000 mostly young people from the various elements of the Mainline Churches of Christ, especially the “Crossroads Campus Ministry Churches.” They moved to Boston or to one of the Boston Church of Christ plantings to become disciples or be strengthened as disciples, and to train to be on mission teams. These people – many of whom were leaders – were in awe of God and the unprecedented growth that the Holy Spirit produced in Boston and her daughter churches. They were often referred to as “remnant disciples.” (Isaiah 10:20-22) Kip documents this exciting Biblical phenomenon of God gathering His remnant in both Revolution Through Restoration Part 1 and Part 2.

In retrospect, one amazing aspect of this young movement was that many of these “remnant disciples” who were leaders had several philosophical and doctrinal conflicts with each other. However, Kip made every effort to forge a bond of unity between all of these leaders from the Scriptures by calling them to work side-by-side for one purpose. (Philippians 1:27; 2:1-4) Over time being “partners in the gospel” helped them to “surrender” their personal perspectives and be united in pursuing “the dream!”

On a sad note in 1987, when the Atlanta Church of the Boston Movement was “planted” through a split in a “Crossroads Ministry Congregation,” at this historic moment, the Crossroads Church of Christ sinfully “disfellowshipped” the McKeans, the Boston Church of Christ, and all of its affiliated plantings. Without debate, this made a clear distinction between the Boston Movement and the Crossroads Movement, which was in sharp decline in 1985 after the departure from the full-time ministry of their leader Chuck Lucas for personal reasons.

** Central Leadership – The World Sector Leaders
————————————————————
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/World_Sector_Leaders.jpg
The World Sector Leaders in 1992 – Front Row: Bob
Gempel, Kip McKean, Phil Lamb and Al Baird.
Second Row: Marty Fuqua, Scott Green,
Doug Arthur, Randy McKean, Steve
Johnson and Frank Kim.

In 1988, because of the rapid expanse of the churches, several brothers encouraged Kip to focus on a few “capable… and trustworthy men.” (Exodus 18:13-26) After six months of prayerful consideration and several discussions, Kip and Elena chose nine couples: Doug and Joyce Arthur, Al and Gloria Baird, Tom and Kelly Brown, Bob and Pat Gempel, Scott and Lynne Green, Steve and Lisa Johnson, Frank and Erica Kim, Phil and Donna Lamb, Randy and Kay McKean. These leaders – whom the McKeans had personally trained for the ministry – became known as the “World Sector Leaders.”

This was extremely significant, because the Mainline Church of Christ believes in autonomy – the independence of each congregation. Practically autonomy means that all final decisions about that local congregation are made by the local leadership. They believe that conferring with leadership from other congregations is good, but there is no overseeing authority, which can give directives on matters such as: dealing with difficult situations, raising and sending money for mission efforts, or calling for certain disciples for mission teams to complete an overall plan. Yet in the Scriptures, Paul writes the “overseeing evangelist” Titus (who Paul himself oversees), “The reason I left you in Crete was that you might straighten out what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you… for there are many rebellious people, mere talkers and deceivers… They must be silenced… Therefore, encourage and rebuke with all authority.” (Titus 1:5, 10-11; 2:15) So Kip
and Elena, because of their vision and convictions from Scriptures, forged a “leadership family,” where each couple would “oversee” the evangelization of “their region” of the world – which collectively covered the globe! (Of note, during the first few years of the World Sector Leaders, the McKeans alongside the Bairds and the Gempels – as Shepherding Couples – would make the major decisions for the movement. Later, the Arthurs, the Kims and the Johnsons were added to this decision-making group.)
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/McKeans_Gempels_Gethsemane.jpg
Kip & Elena and Bob & Pat Gempel stroll together
through the Garden of Gethsemane just outside
of Jerusalem in 1994.

On January 1, 1990, the McKeans went to fortify the Los Angeles Church, which was planted in August 1989 by Tom and Kelly Brown. In turn, the Browns were sent back to Boston for strengthening, and Marty and Chris Fuqua replaced them as World Sector Leaders. When the McKeans arrived, the Los Angeles Church had 154 members. By March 1993 when I was baptized, church services were incredible celebrations of God’s glory. At that time, the LA Church was having 3,000 in attendance! Amazingly in 2001, the last year that the McKeans led the congregation, there were 10,000 members with about 15,000 in attendance regularly every Sunday morning, and 2,500 were baptized that year! Of special note, one of my most memorable worship services of the LA Church was when 17,000 of us gathered on a warm Saturday evening in November 1997 in one of America’s largest stadiums – the Rose Bowl! At this glorious occasion, Kip’s visionary sermon was simply entitled, The Purposes Of God.

As well in 1991, the McKeans asked Bob and Pat Gempel to become the Directors of the newly founded HOPEworldwide as their charge as World Sector Leaders. HOPEworldwide was the benevolent arm of the Boston Movement Churches. Its uniqueness from all other charity organizations was that the World Sector Leaders could mobilize every member of every church in every country for a focused volunteer effort to help the poor and needy around the world. In 1994, the World Sector Leaders of the Boston Movement officially adopted the name International Church of Christ (ICOC). This name was first given to the Boston Movement by John Vaughn, a denominational church growth expert. He surmised that the vast majority of the Mainline Churches of Christ were located in the “Bible Belt” of America, but the Boston Movement (to him with a similar plan of salvation) had an equal number of congregations internationally as they did nationally. So in his articles from his research, he distinguished
between the Mainline Churches of Christ and the Boston Movement Churches, thus birthing the name: “International” Church of Christ!

Also in 1994, Kip wrote and laid out his most visionary project to date – The Evangelization Proclamation! Signed by the McKeans and all the World Sector Leaders, they vowed before God to plant a discipling church in every nation of the world that had a city with at least a population of 100,000 by the year 2000! It became more commonly known as The Six Year Plan. At its signing, we were in “just” 53 countries. Through the power of God, this monumental task was accomplished by July 2000! Unprecedented in the history of Christianity, in just 21 years, God had multiplied the “30 would-be disciples” in the Boston Church to almost 400 churches, 135,000 disciples in 171 nations with a combined Sunday attendance of 200,000!
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/World_Sector_Leader_Couples-India.jpg
The World Sector Leaders in the fall of 1994. By this time,
Cory & Megan Blackwell had been added to the group
to spearhead the evangelization of the Middle East!
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/WSL-Women1.jpg
The Women World Sector Leaders in 1998 – First Row:
Chris Fuqua, Megan Blackwell, Gloria Baird, Elena
McKean, Pat Gempel and Kay McKean.
Second Row: Donna Lamb, Erika Kim,
Lisa Johnson, Joyce Arthur
and Lynne Green.

Very encouraging to the movement were the following leadership appointments. In the late 80’s, Kip asked Cecil Wooten – a two-time recipient of the Purple Heart in World War II and the former Vice President of Chicago Bridge and Iron – to become the Administrator of the Boston Movement Churches. Each World Sector Leader had a World Sector Administrator. Cecil oversaw and coordinated this group. In 1993, the McKeans asked Al and Gloria Baird to oversee a new world sector called the “Media and Law World Sector.” Also at that time, the McKeans trained Cory Blackwell – a former NBA basketball player – and his wife Megan for the ministry, while building the “Cross and Switchblade Ministry” in the dangerous neighborhoods of South Central LA. Since Cory’s single mother was a devote Muslim, the Blackwells were asked by the McKeans to become the World Sector Leaders for the Middle East. (Cory’s mom – Wazirah – was later baptized in 1999!)
http://www.kipmckean.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Cory_Mother.jpg
Fellowshipping together in 2013, Wazirah, Cory
Blackwell’s mother, and Elena, whom Cory
affectionately calls his “spiritual mom.”

Another replacement among the World Sector Leaders was made when the Lambs, because of “family and health issues,” were asked to step aside in order to receive strengthening. (Sadly, the Lambs later divorced; Phil fell away, yet Donna remained faithful till her death by cancer in December 2007.) To replace the Lambs, who oversaw the Central and South America World Sector, Peter and Laura Garcia – the trusted brother and sister-in-law of Elena – were asked to serve in this role. In 1999, Cecil was in his 70’s and wanted to take a step back from the rigorous demands of administration. Consequently, Andy and Tammy Fleming were selected to assume his role as the leaders of all the administrators throughout the ICOC. The McKeans made this into the “Administration World Sector.” The last World Sector Leaders selected were Russ and Gail Ewell. They led the “NET World Sector” – New media, Exceptional children, and Technology. The leadership structure of the International Churches of
Christ was as simple as it was creative and unique! Of the original World Sector Leaders – except the Gempels and the Bairds whose role was to shepherd the group – each was given a geographic charge. There evolved eight geographic World Sectors: British Commonwealth – Great Britain, India, Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia (Arthurs); ACES – Africa, Caribbean, Eastern States (Johnsons); Europe (the Randy McKeans); Pac Rim (Kims); Central and South America (Lambs); Northern Federation – former Soviet Union nations; Scandinavia, Canada and the Western US (Fuquas); China (Greens); and later the Middle East (Blackwells). Each World Sector Leader Couple’s discipling group was composed of 10-12 other couples: a World Sector Administrator, a World Sector Elder, a World Sector Teacher, and Geographic Sector Leaders (Evangelists and Women’s Ministry Leaders). Also, in most world sectors, there was a World Sector Media and Law Couple. The World Sector Elders were collectively called
the “Kingdom Elders.” They were overseen by the Bairds. The World Sector Teachers were collectively known as the “Kingdom Teachers,” and eventually led by Andy Fleming. The Geographic Sector Leaders (GSL) oversaw the evangelism of a region of that World Sector. For example, in the ACES, Mike and Anne-Brigitte Taliaferro were the “GSL Couple” for Africa, and in the Northern Federation, Sasha and Louisa Kostenko served as the “GSL Couple” for the 15 nations in the former Soviet Union – the Commonwealth of Independent States. In time, each GSL Couple built their own discipleship group, which was composed of essentially an evangelist and women’s ministry leader for each nation or group of nations, which was in their geographic charge.

** World Missions Evangelist – Sabbatical
————————————————————

At the beginning of 2001 as a college student in Boston, the oldest of the McKeans’ children began to question her faith. Though everyone who falls away must take full responsibility for this decision, it must be noted that this young woman was unjustly and heavily criticized – largely because of the high profile of her parents – and feeling unloved by many in the congregation contributed to her no longer attending church. (Luke 17:1-2) This single event caused uncertainty in the McKeans’ leadership among many of the World Sector Leaders, as well as among the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers. In September of 2001, the World Sector Leaders “forced” the McKeans to go on sabbatical – though later, some deeply regretted this decision.

Unbiblically applied to Kip were the qualifications of an elder, not an evangelist. The reasoning was that to “oversee” a church, one had to “manage his own family [well or] how can he take care of God’s church.” (1 Timothy 3:4-5) Also cited incorrectly was Proverbs 22:6, “Train a child in the way he should go, and… he will not turn from it.” Left out from this quote is the phrase, “when he is old.” Disregarding what is obviously implied in the phrase “when he is old,” is that during their younger years children may not be faithful to God, but will return to the kingdom because of their good training when they are “old.” (This has now been seen in the SoldOut Movement and the ICOC over and over again.) Even sadder is the lack of grace by almost all of the World Sector Leaders, Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers. In the Scriptures, some of God’s and Israel’s greatest leaders had unfaithful children – Aaron, Samuel, and even the Old Testament’s “man after God’s own hear
t,” David – yet they continued to victoriously lead “all Israel.”

Kip was profoundly affected by his beloved daughter leaving the faith, the “stripping away” of his leadership, and the public condemnation of his “leadership style” and the Biblical teachings that propelled the movement to almost all nations. Most of all, he was brokenhearted at the decimation of the churches that came in early 2003. I remember quite vividly those dark days of the McKeans’ sabbatical. After working on Elena’s computer in 2002, I came downstairs to see my devastated friend and leader, distraught by the condition of God’s family and hurting from the lost relationships of those who abandoned him in his time of need. The only words I could muster were, “Kip, I don’t know what to say to you. But, I do know that the whole Kingdom world-wide is falling apart around us and you need to ‘get back on the horse’.” Through God’s strength found in weakness, this he did.

In the past 10 years in both sermons and his writings, Kip is quite vulnerable about wrestling with bitterness, being depressed and unmotivated, as well as drifting and becoming quite distant in his walk with God for about a year of this one-and-a-half year sabbatical. Kip has openly confessed that these are all signs of one of the rarely acknowledged “seven deadly sins” – “acedia,” from which many other remnant disciples have suffered the consequences. (2 Corinthians 7:10; Hebrews 12:3, 15)

Read Kip’s Article on Acedia (http://www.caicc.net/2014/06/16/acedia-the-forgotten-sin/)

In the summer of 2002, the McKeans were invited to Bald Head Island, North Carolina, which is located near where the Cape Fear River empties into the Atlantic. Kip writes the following in Revolution Through Restoration Part 3:

“In the waters off the beach known as Cape Fear, there were huge, raging waves as the currents of the Atlantic Ocean collided with the currents of the Cape Fear River. Historically, this tumult resulted in many shipwrecks. I went to spend time with God at Cape Fear. I soon noticed that where there should have been a lighthouse, there was only a weathered foundation. This is what I wrote that day:”

** The Cape Fear Psalm
————————————————————

The rage of the opposing currents
Has shipwrecked my faith.
The lighthouse has gone
And I have no direction.
I am alone for I feel your anger Lord
From your Word and from people who feel like foes,
That used to call me friend and leader.
I gloried in your victories
Which I foolishly called my own.

And now your hand is pushing me under the currents
For I exalted myself, and not your grace.
I am weary through unceasing pain
From morning until night,
In sleep there is a peace when I close my eyes.
But my dreams are full of anguish and darkness.
Because your lighthouse has been destroyed.

I am drowning in self-pity and bitterness engulfs me.
You know that I cannot bear much more.
I fear for your movement.
I fear for my family.
And I fear most for my soul.
I have thoughts of dying.
But realize there would await me
Only an unrelenting, malicious presence,
To be eternally away from you.

My daily tears have been for me,
Yet now they are because I have disappointed you
And have hurt so many through my sins.
Please forgive my arrogance.
I became confused in my pride
And I turned from your wisdom to mine.
I stopped consulting your Word and my brother prophets.

Let my heart return to that simple eternal moment
Where I first saw your lighthouse.
Through the calm sea of baptism
I responded to your Word.
I first felt your Fatherly embrace
Just 30 short years ago.

I was indignant at your enemies of false prophets
Those hypocritical leaders of your people
For they led me and the whole world astray.
I was damaged by their arrogance and sin.

But by your Mighty Hand, even that first day
You gave me the strength to confront them.
Now I am them. I find no fellowship.
Only angry confrontations.
The prophets I trained are furious
At the damage I have caused your movement.
Few remember my deeds, fewer my zeal,
Only you know my heart.

Father, lead me to rebuild that lighthouse.
If your mercy allows, I will help to rebuild it.
Today I promise you I will stop drifting out to sea.
Today I promise I will swim till I reach the other shore.
I will not quit.
I realize my sacrifice only brought you ever-lessening pleasure
As my heart became dull.
For you desire only a broken and contrite heart.
Only these prayers are the incense of heaven.

Today I promise to strive to be only a disciple.
I surrender my ambition to lead till you refine it in the fires of criticism.
I will no longer care what the media, my enemies and even my friends say.
Because this brought me to Cape Fear.
Only your approval will I seek.

My most heartfelt prayer is
Let me and my family make it through the raging currents.
Let your lighthouse shine mightily
So we can make it to the other side.

Kip continues in Revolution Through Restoration Part 3 reflecting on how his sins affected the movement:

During the sabbatical, God taught me to take responsibility for my leadership in the Kingdom, the decisions of the World Sector Leaders, and for the spiritual condition of each person in my family. My sins are clear and grievous. I have been arrogant, almost always thinking I was right. I did not listen. I did not actively seek discipling for me and my family. I was only partially open and deceit came into my life. This led to the sin of anger towards those who disagreed with me. Too often, I viewed these individuals as critical. I did not draw people out. I built an atmosphere in which people were afraid to speak up. There were times when I corrected people that I was mean, cruel and I even humiliated them. I was too controlling. For this I apologize. I am truly sorry…

Ultimately, my most devastating sin was claiming God’s victories as mine. In pride, I boasted in “my” accomplishments. I allowed people to give me glory; I did not refocus them to God. Though some have charged “growth was god,” this was never true. My goal was, and still is, simply “to win as many as possible.” (1 Corinthians 9:19) However, people developed wrong motivations and stumbled because of my overemphasis on numeric goals and accountability, though I still believe in accountability if it is used wisely as Jesus did. (Mark 6:30) In retrospect, I see that many leaders did not imitate Christ in me, but my ungodly leadership traits, and they are now being hurt by those they hurt. I confessed these sins while sharing my sabbatical journey at the Unity Meeting in LA [specifically Long Beach] in November 2002.

One evangelist called the Cape Fear Psalm, “Kip’s Psalm 51.” As for his shortcomings in his family, Kip humbly shared, “Though Elena and I believe that we raised our precious children in the Lord as each was baptized and remained faithful during their teen years, my biggest regret was that I put my children on a pedestal in front of the movement. This put too much pressure on them and hurt them spiritually as sometimes they felt that they could not measure-up. I have apologized to each of them for this. They have forgiven me, and we remain a very close family. I pray daily and believe with all of my heart that because of the godly training each received that one day ‘when they are [older]’ they will return to the Lord.”

God taught one last invaluable lesson to Kip about his sins in his leadership concerning the weak. He wrote, “God has a sense of ironic justice. To rid Jacob of his deceitful nature, God placed Jacob under Laban, a worse deceiver. To show me how insensitive and in fact merciless at times I had been to the weak, God placed me “under” upset and – from my point of view – unforgiving brothers who would not give me any mercy or the benefit of the doubt, though I felt I had done so much for them through the years. I felt humiliated through shame and exasperated to the point of considering leaving the Lord. I learned that mercy expressed through kindness, forgiveness and gentleness – was not only God’s way to encourage and strengthen the weak, but the only path to keep a movement together. In all of these trials, my dear wife exemplified how one should love the weak by staying at my side with unconditional love.”

These lessons were painfully learned through the discipline of suffering that God allowed Kip “as a son” to endure. (Hebrews 12:5-11) However by July 2003, Kip – though severely weakened by these many trials – was a “changed man.” He was refreshed by repentance, and so the Spirit sent him to Portland to build again with these lessons freshly etched on his heart. (Acts 3:19)

** The Destruction Of A Global Movement
————————————————————

At the onset of the sabba




Good News Email – Special Edition – KipMcKean.com Update




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November 24, 2014

UPDATED SPECIAL EDITION
The History Of The Spread Of Christianity In Modern Times
ATTN: If the pictures in this article are distorted, then click on the "view it in your browser" link located at the top right-hand corner of the page.

Dear <<First Name>>,
Greetings in the Lord from Washington DC! If you have read this article in the past year, perhaps you will simply want to scroll down to the newest chapter: 2014 – The Year Of Prayer. Otherwise enjoy the entire narrative or go to KipMcKean.com.
In His service,
Ron Harding

 

A HISTORY OF THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN MODERN TIMES
By Ron Harding*
 

The primary purposes of this exciting narration are to honor God with the truth and to encourage those who have never had the dream – or perhaps have lost it – to share in Jesus’ dream of the “evangelization of all nations in this generation.” (1 Timothy 2:3-4) Since we live in an age in which the proliferation of information is often distorted, I have sought to carefully investigate and document with first-hand accounts – including my own – the incredible story of the spread of true Christianity from the 1970’s to this very day. Much of this rich history is intertwined with the life of my “partner in the gospel” Kip McKean – known as a preacher, missionary, reformer, theologian and humanitarian. Therefore, using many of his experiences as a timeline – his faith, his faults and his rekindled fire – allows a detailed rendering for this “orderly [historical] account.” (Luke 1:1-4; Acts 1:1)

Kip McKean at Smokey Mountain outside of Manila in 1989!
Kip McKean at Smokey Mountain outside
of Manila in 1989!

 

Overview

Dr. Thomas Wayne McKean II (May 31, 1954 – present) was named after his ancestor Thomas McKean, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. (His mother nicknamed him “Kip.”) In 2003, Kip became the Evangelist for the Portland International Church of Christ. In October 2006, after a valiant three-year effort to bring reform to the crumbling International Churches of Christ, the Holy Spirit used Kip, soon joined by other valiant disciples on every continent, to initiate the new Portland / SoldOut Discipling Movement!

In May 2007, Kip and Elena McKean alongside 40 other disciples from Portland planted the City of Angels International Christian Church, which now has 1,200 at their Sunday Services! While leading the City of Angels Church, Kip serves as the “World Missions Evangelist” for the now fastest spreading Christian movement in the world! Another milestone was achieved in 2012, as decades of dreams and prayers were fulfilled with the founding of the International College of Christian Ministries where Kip serves as the President.

Of note in 1979, Kip and Elena were invited to lead the Lexington Church of Christ (later renamed the Boston Church of Christ). From these “30 would-be-disciples,” the Spirit ignited a movement of churches known as the Boston Movement and in 1994 renamed the International Churches of Christ. Kip’s tenacious embrace of Jesus’ radical dream “to evangelize the nations in a generation,” his bold theological reforms, his personal warmth coupled with his charismatic and uncompromising Bible preaching, allowed the Spirit to take the gospel from one small dying church in Boston to become almost 400 churches in 171 of the 196 nations of the world by the year 2000! Then as this noble effort was being tragically decimated in 2001, 2002 and 2003, God sent Kip on a rocky path of suffering and redemption. For two years, he wandered in a lonely, spiritual wilderness, which greatly humbled him. Yet, those dark days ultimately strengthened Kip’s resolve to fulfill “the dream.” Therefore in 2014, it is so amazing that in just seven years, God’s new SoldOut Movement has almost 60 congregations in 26 nations… and counting! From a historical perspective, no other preacher in the past century has been directly responsible for the planting of so many congregations around the world!

Concerning “the evangelization of the nations in this generation,” some have asked, “What is going to be different this ‘second time’ around?” This presupposes the question, “Can it be different this second time?” The answer in the Scriptures is a resounding yes! The first time the Israelites approached the Promised Land, their lack of faith led them to the dreadful desires to choose a different leader than the one God had chosen and to return to their lives of slavery in Egypt. This unbelief ultimately resulted in their death in the desert. The second time the Spirit led the Israelites to the border of the Promised Land, the Hebrew people – having learned to rely on God in their wanderings in the desert – now succeeded to make God’s dream and promise a reality. This same learning from the past prayerfully will be true for God’s new SoldOut Movement. As Kip preached at the 2010 Jubilee on the theme of The Promised Land on the Second Try, “Second is best because God rewards the quest.”

Table of Contents

  Overview
  Early Life And Family
  Marriage And Children
  High School And College Years
  God’s Preparation And Education
  Revolutionary Theology
  The Boston Movement Begins
  Unprecedented Growth And Impact
  The Boston Movement Plantings
  Central Leadership – The World Sector Leaders
  World Missions Evangelist – Sabbatical
  The Cape Fear Psalm
  The Destruction Of A Global Movement.
  Fired By Men – Approved By God
  The Spirit Moves The McKeans To Portland
  The Portland Song
  The Global Internet Ministry is Initiated
  The Portland Controversy
  The Birth Of The SoldOut Movement
  The Spirit Takes The McKeans To Los Angeles
  The Portland Church Is Led Astray
  The Crown Of Thorns Project
  God Gathers From The Farthest Horizon
  The New Movement Multiplies
  The Founding of the International College of Christian Ministries
  2014 – The Year of Prayer
  Faithful To The End

 

Early Life And Family

Kip McKean was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 31, 1954. Like many young men of the 1960’s, he was inspired by those who refused to compromise and were willing to sacrifice everything for a worthy cause. This temperament is also deep in the McKean family heritage, as they are called higher by the courage of one of their ancestors, Thomas McKean. As with all of the “Signers of the Declaration of Independence,” death threats were common. Interestingly, Thomas McKean not only was a “Signer” for Delaware, but also was “the President” of the Congress of Confederation – the highest office in the new United States of America – when news arrived from General Washington that the British had surrendered!

Kip’s father, serving as an admiral in the U.S. Navy, became a strong influence and an early role model for leadership and excellence. His mother, a very talented artist, nurtured in him a warmth as well as a character of resilience. Between the ages of seven and 16, every summer Kip alongside his beloved younger brother Randy and dear younger sister Dana spent one month with each set of grandparents – “Grampy and Grammy” and “Grandpa and Grandma.” Those days with his grandparents in Michigan and Indiana respectively heightened his sense of adventure and deepened his love and appreciation of family.

Both of Kip's parents – Tom & Kim – celebrate their 80th Birthdays in the summer of 2008!
Both of Kip's parents – Tom & Kim – celebrate their 80th
Birthdays in the summer of 2008!

 

During his high school years – in Virginia Beach, Virginia; Winter Park, Florida; and Libertyville, Illinois – Kip was active in athletics, was selected to be a member of the National Honor Society, and also obtained the rank of Eagle in the Boy Scouts. During these formative years, Kip’s heroes became John F. Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. However, in time, Kip’s greatest hero became Jesus.
 

Marriage And Children

Kip & Elena are married on December 11, 1976!
Kip & Elena are married on December 11, 1976!

Kip married Elena Garcia-Bengochea on December 11, 1976. Elena was born in Havana, Cuba on September 2, 1955 and fled with her family to the United States in a boat in 1959. Growing up in Gainesville, Florida, Elena attended P. K. Yonge High School. She distinguished herself as an honor student, Student Body Treasurer, Captain of the Tennis Team, Captain of the Varsity Cheerleaders, and Homecoming Queen.

At 17, Elena was baptized into Christ the summer before her freshman year at the University of Florida on August 8, 1973. Kip and Elena met at the Crossroads Church of Christ and were married there. In 1981, they welcomed their first child – Olivia. Then in 1982 and 1984 respectively, Sean and Eric were born. Their strong characters of the McKeans’ children as well as their godly upbringing are illustrated by the fact that Olivia and Sean graduated from Harvard and Eric, though accepted at Harvard, chose to attend and then graduated from Stanford, where he served as Captain of the renowned Stanford Tennis Team. (Their educations were funded through the combination of the McKeans’ small savings, Kip’s parents, close friends of the McKeans, and scholarships – both academic and athletic, as well as financial aid.)

The McKeans’ children in 1990 in Los Angeles!
The McKeans’ children in 1990 in Los Angeles!

Eric, Olivia and Sean in 2008!
Eric, Olivia and Sean in 2008!

Through the years, through all their individual trials, the McKeans remain an extremely happy and tight-knit family. All three children have married and have very successful careers. Kip and Elena are now tremendously excited to be grandparents!

“Abuelo Kip” and one of his beloved granddaughters Scarlett!
“Abuelo Kip” and one of his beloved
granddaughters Scarlett!

 

High School And College Years

Prior to high school, Kip was not religious. However, at the end of Kip’s sophomore year in high school, he became very involved in a dynamic fundamental Christian congregation in Maitland, Florida – the Asbury United Methodist Church. Here he came to a deep personal faith in Christ and in the divine inspiration of the Bible.


The Asbury United Methodist Church of Maitland, Florida
where Kip wasfirst influenced to study the Bible!

At the end of his freshman year at the University of Florida, he was invited to a college devotional sponsored by the 14th Street Church of Christ. (A year later, this congregation adopted the name of the Crossroads Church of Christ.) This congregation in Gainesville had begun a pilot program for campus ministry for the Mainline Churches of Christ just five years earlier. Some of the more progressive Mainline Churches of Christ desired to impact the secular college campus and initially modeled their efforts after Campus Crusade. They called this new program – led by Chuck Lucas – Campus Advance. Here Kip was taught to give up everything for Christ and be baptized for the remission of sins to become a Christian. As a 17 year old freshman, Kip made this commitment and was baptized at 1:30AM on April 11, 1972.

For summer vacation in 1972, Kip returned home to Chicago. He became very sick; boils covered the entire upper part of his body. Bandages were wrapped around his body for the next three months. He believes that at this time God was testing and humbling him, particularly through the scarring on his face. Of note, the members of the Mainline Church of Christ that he attended in the Chicago area never came to visit him while he was sick. This incident in his life sensitized him to meeting people’s needs, particularly visiting the sick. Later that summer, even though the doctors strongly advised him otherwise because of his weakened health, he returned to Gainesville so that he could once again participate in a strong fellowship of college Christians.

During his sophomore year in college, though involved in the High Honors Chemistry Pre-med Program at the University of Florida, Kip began to dream about becoming a campus minister. God reinforced this dream when his brother Randy was diagnosed with cancer in the spring of 1973. Kip baptized his brother six months later. (His sister Dana was baptized 15 years later.) Kip’s Christianity also led to conflict where he lived in the Sigma Chi Fraternity House. That same year, his stand for purity almost led to his dismissal from the fraternity. However, many of his fellow fraternity brothers rallied around him electing him “Tribune.” Also, during his three years of living in the fraternity house, he hosted a weekly Bible Study in his room, through which eight of his fraternity brothers were baptized into Christ. These events solidified Kip’s sense that God was calling him into the full-time ministry, thus sacrificing the much more lucrative lifestyle of a doctor.

In 1973, Kip hears the voice of God and decides to go into the ministry!
In 1973, Kip hears the voice of God and
decides to go into the ministry!

During his college years while attending the Crossroads Church of Christ, the vision of dynamic campus ministries throughout America was put on Kip’s heart. He was inspired by the powerful preaching of Chuck Lucas and his associate Sam Laing, as well as in their innovations derived from Biblical principles: “prayer partners” – based on the “one another” Scriptures, “counting the cost” with each individual before baptism from Luke 14:25-33, and evangelistic small group Bible studies called “Soul Talks.” At this point, the seeds of discipling were placed in his life as he personally saw how one man could affect another’s daily lifestyle and eternal destiny for God. During these early years of the “Crossroads Movement” – also known as the “Total Commitment Movement” – the Crossroads Church and the young ministers they sent out became more and more controversial within the Mainline Churches of Christ, because of these innovations. In some cases, these “Crossroads Ministry Churches” were “disfellowshipped” or “marked” by the “other” Mainline Churches of Christ.

God’s Preparation And Education

Kip first served in the fulltime ministry as the Campus Minister to Northeastern Christian College beginning in 1975!
Kip first served in the fulltime ministry as the Campus
Minister to Northeastern Christian College
beginning in 1975!

In June 1975, Kip graduated from the University of Florida with High Honors as well as being selected to the most well-known of all scholastic honorary fraternities – Phi Beta Kappa. Shortly afterward, the Spirit guided Kip to Philadelphia where he was hired as the Campus Minister for Northeastern Christian College (NCC), a Mainline Church of Christ school. Here he saw first-hand how uncommitted many of the so-called “Christian students” were: drugs, drunkenness, prejudice, impurity and immorality were prevalent. He came to a deep conviction that being religious is not the same as being a righteous and true follower of Jesus.

While Kip was serving as the Campus Minister at NCC, the King of Prussia Church of Christ gave him a scholarship to attend Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary. There he was challenged by one of his professors, the Dean of Academics, that the Bible is not the “only” inspired Word of God. Shocked, yet sure in his faith, Kip zealously responded to the Dean’s challenge, “If there are any other holy writings beside the Bible, then Christianity is reduced to simply another philosophy like Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism or Hinduism. To me, Christ and His Word are the only way, the only truth and the only life.” This core conviction has guided Kip during his 39 years of full-time ministry. As with Jesus, the Apostles and all of God’s prophets, Kip has been persecuted with several death threats, as well as publically chastised in TV shows, on the internet, and in magazines and newspapers for his “narrow view” of the Bible and salvation. (Matthew 7:13-14, Acts 4:12) Yet, he has never wavered in his convictions about Jesus as the Christ and the inspiration of the Old and New Testament Scriptures.

In the fall of 1976, Kip began to serve the Lord at the Heritage Chapel Church of Christ in Charleston, Illinois where he was asked to initiate a campus ministry at Eastern Illinois University, a small college of 9,300 students. During his three years there – starting with just seven college students – God blessed his ministry with 300 campus baptisms!


Kip and Elena during their second year in Illinois,
visiting Elena's extended family – the
Garcia-Bengochea Familia!

Interestingly, Illinois was considered a “mission field” of the Mainline Churches of Christ, as the Mainline Churches are largely concentrated in America’s Southern States – the “Bible Belt.” Kip was supported “as a missionary” by the Memorial Church of Christ in Houston, Texas. After nine months, some of the elders of the Memorial Church visited the Heritage Chapel Church. Instead of rejoicing at the large number of converts, they were “appalled” by the clapping during the singing of devotional songs, women praying in mixed groups, and the overall fervor of the worship service. Accused of “Pentecostalism,” “brain-washing,” and “cult-like practices,” Kip was fired by the Memorial Church two weeks later. Yet inside of the Heritage Chapel Church, the members were very appreciative and loyal. God blessed the church’s Biblical convictions from Kip’s preaching as financial support was quickly found from the Union Avenue Church of Christ in Memphis, Tennessee. The Union Avenue Church generously gave Kip not only financial support, but also a full scholarship to Harding Graduate School of Religion, a “Mainline Church of Christ seminary.”

Revolutionary Theology

Continuing his quest of a Masters in Theology which he began at Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Kip attended Harding Graduate School for two summers. He concluded that though helpful in scholastic pursuits, a formal seminary where future ministers were consumed with their academics and so were “removed” from being immersed in the lives of people was not the way to train evangelists. Rather, it is one minster walking with another like Jesus with His Twelve, or Paul training Timothy and Titus.

Well documented at this time was that an “average” Mainline Church of Christ congregation had 150 members and only eight baptisms per year. Six of these baptisms were children of the members and the others were baptized from the world. A majority of the member’s children left the church, and over 90% of the other baptisms fell away. This stagnation remains in the Mainline Churches to this day.

Flavil Yeakley, in his book Why Churches Grow, reported that Mac Lynn’s first accurate survey of the Mainline Churches of Christ revealed only 965,439 actual members as opposed to the 2.5 million that had been claimed. He discovered that instead of an estimated 15,000 congregations, there were actually only 10,165 Mainline Churches of Christ in America. Lynn recorded, “The Churches of Christ have only 24 churches with a membership of 1,000 or more, only four with a membership of 2,000 or more, and only one with a membership of more than 3,000.” The largest Mainline Church of Christ outside the borders of the United States was only 500 in attendance. Yeakley also wrote, “In 1980, the Church of Christ in the United States did stop increasing and started decreasing in total membership [through fall aways and an escalating death rate in an aging membership]. It is clear that if the 1965-1980 trend were to continue unchanged, the Church of Christ would cease to exist in this nation in just a few years.”

Since the senior minister of the Heritage Chapel Church was only able to baptize a few adults, the adult membership remained lukewarm. So during Kip’s time in Charleston, he realized that no matter how dynamic a campus ministry was, unless a whole church is “totally committed,” the campus ministry’s impact will be limited. From Kip’s experience and travels, he observed that many Mainline Churches of Christ with campus ministers from Crossroads split and several of these young campus ministers in turn quit the ministry. In time, Kip would preach, “No one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins, the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined. No, new wine must be poured into new wineskins.” (Luke 5:37-38) Thus, Kip concluded through prayer and Bible study that the best way to build churches where every member is “totally committed” is to start new churches – for “new wine [zealous young ministers] must be poured into new wineskins [new churches].”

In Kip’s years at Charleston and Memphis, he devoted himself to studying the Old Testament. This became a major turning point in Kip’s revolutionary theology. First of all, he came to a deep conviction that unlike the Mainline Church of Christ whose plea was to be a “New Testament Church,” a better understanding of God’s eternal plan and His Word would create a “Bible Church.” He fully realized that the Law – “the written code, with its regulations” from the Old Testament, were “nailed to the cross” thus nullifying it. (Colossians 2:14-15) However, Kip taught from 2 Timothy 3:16 that “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness.” The word “Scripture” in the context of this passage refers only to the Old Testament; therefore, the intent by Paul was to call Timothy – and all disciples – to use the Old Testament “Scriptures” in their preaching, in their discipling, and in their lives. (City of Angels International Christian Church Bulletin – May 22, 2011: The Biblical Significance Of The Old Testament In New Testament Times)

Secondly, Kip came to differ with the Mainline Church of Christ on Bible interpretation. In the early 1800’s, Thomas Campbell – one of the founders of the Restoration Movement, which is the heritage of the Mainline Church of Christ – gave the Mainline Church of Christ the following creed: “Speak where the Bible speaks, and be silent where the Bible is silent.” This creed dictated that one must have specific authorization by command, example or necessary inference only from the New Testament in order to implement a teaching or practice. However, Kip – believing that both the New Testament and Old Testament should be the foundation of the church – coined a phrase in sharp contrast to the Mainline’s approach to interpretation. Kip taught churches should be: “Silent where the Bible speaks, and speak where the Bible is silent.” In other words, a Christian should simply obey where the Bible speaks, and speak (have opinions) where the Bible is silent. Theologically, Christians are free to implement any practice or apply any name that is not prohibited in the Bible.

These two revolutionary concepts about the Scriptures were the fundamental reasons that many Mainline Churches of Christ opposed Kip. Ironically, though he is regarded by most as the “Founder of the International Churches of Christ,” when in the early 2000’s after the ICOC had returned to a more Mainline Church of Christ theological stance, because Kip continued to hold these same convictions, these revolutionary views of Scripture were the underlying causes for most of the leaders of the ICOC to vehemently oppose Kip and God’s new SoldOut Discipling Movement.

The Boston Movement Begins

In 1979, during the McKeans’ last year in Charleston, the Elders of the Lexington Church of Christ in Massachusetts contacted Kip to be both their pulpit and campus minister. At that time, this Mainline Church of Christ was desperate for a new direction as they were considering closing their doors, because their number had shrunk to about 60 members. When the McKeans interviewed for the position, Kip expressed to the leaders in the Lexington congregation that in order for Elena and him to come, the leaders would need to support him in calling “every member” – adults, singles, campus and teens – to be “totally committed.” After five long months of deliberation, they believed that God had not given them any other alternative, so they unanimously invited the young 25 year old preacher to lead them!

Driving all night from Charleston to Boston, the McKeans arrived in the morning of Friday, June 1, 1979. So in this small dying congregation, history was made that fateful evening, as “30 would-be disciples” gathered with enormous expectations in the living-room of members Bob and Pat Gempel to hear Kip’s first lesson! At this point, the Lexington Church was simply viewed as another congregation of the “Crossroads” or “Total Commitment Movement.” The profound difference between the Lexington Church and the other “Crossroads Ministries” would soon become apparent as Kip’s revolutionary call from the Bible was for every member of the church to be “totally committed,” not just the campus students.


Kip & Elena in 2012 in front of what was the Lexington
Church of Christ building in 1979!

In 1980, to help his congregation to grow spiritually and numerically, Kip developed a Bible Study Series called First Principles. (Hebrews 5:12; 6:1-3 WEV) The members of the church were asked to memorize these studies and then use the First Principles Studies so that each Christian could be trained to teach non-Christians the original standards that God has for individuals to become disciples of Christ. Perhaps the most radical and impacting study of the series was called “Discipleship.” In this study, Kip taught that in Acts 11:26: SAVED = CHRISTIAN = DISCIPLE. Simply meaning that you cannot be saved and one is not a true Christian without being a baptized disciple. (John 4:1-2; Acts 2:38-42) Kip developed the “Discipleship Study” not only to convert non-Christians, but to bring to light the sharp Biblical distinction between the Lexington (later renamed Boston) Church of Christ, and all “other churches,” including the “Crossroads Ministries.” As a result of the call to “total commitment” to God and the practice of the Biblical concept of discipleship from everyone in the congregation, the Boston Church of Christ multiplied disciples at an unprecedented rate!

Another of Kip’s radical Biblical restorations was the role of an evangelist. He believed that the evangelist’s charge was not simply to shepherd his congregation, but to evangelize that church’s region of influence. (2 Corinthians 10:13-16) Thus in Boston, he divided the city into four geographical “regions.” An evangelist was placed over the disciples that lived in this “territory” for the purpose of evangelizing the entire “field.” In each region there were a number of “house churches,” and in each house church there were a number of Bible Talks. This “pyramidal structure” was Kip’s innovative application of Exodus 18:13-26.

To have the church appreciate the incredible training and sacrifice to become an Evangelist or Women’s Ministry Leader, Kip and Elena began to appoint qualified individuals in front of the congregation. During this powerful ceremony, Kip (or Elena if appointing a Women’s Ministry Leader) would share personally about the deserving disciple and then close out with the “ancient charge” of 2 Timothy 4:1-2 and the presentation of a Bible. This practice was imitated “everywhere in every church” in the Boston Movement, thus further unifying the churches. (1 Corinthians 4:14-17) So amazing is that every congregation in the Boston Movement “recognized” the appointed Evangelists and Women’s Ministry Leaders throughout the other churches in the movement!

Unprecedented Growth And Impact

During the ten years that the McKeans served the Boston Church of Christ, the Spirit produced exponential growth! The original Lexington Church of Christ had witnessed only two baptisms in the previous three years before June 1979. Through the restoration of the radical call and practice that every member of the congregation is “totally committed,” the Boston Church of Christ had 103 baptisms the first year! The most dynamic Mainline Church of Christ for decades had only baptized 200 to 300 each year. In fact, during the 80’s, every year a list of Mainline Churches of Christ baptizing 100 or more was published which usually had only 15 Mainline Churches listed. With God’s Spirit working through the McKeans, the Boston Church of Christ saw 200 baptisms their second year; 256 their third; 368 in the fourth; 457 in the fifth; 679 in the sixth; 735 in the seventh; 947 in the eighth; 1424 in the ninth; and in the churches tenth year 1621 were baptized into Christ. By this time also, the Sunday attendance in Boston was approaching 4,000 as the church met in the famed Boston Garden, “home” of the Boston Celtics professional basketball team. Not only was this the largest single congregation in the history of New England, but it also became the largest “Church of Christ” in the entire world!


The Lexington Church of Christ out-grew its building
after just one year of the McKeans’ ministry. Their
second location was the beautiful First Baptist
Church of Arlington. (Pictured above) Then in
1982 after filling up this building, they
moved into the Boston Opera House,
which is located within the city
limits of Boston. It was at that
juncture that the Lexington 
Church of Christ legally
changed its name to the
“Boston Church of
Christ.”

Perhaps unappreciated by the casual observer was the challenge to meet the needs and keep faithful the unprecedented number of new Christians – over 2,000 in the first six years in Boston! In the 60’s and 70’s in the denominational world, there had been much discussion and writing on the “body life of the church” and “shepherding one another.” Thus, in the Crossroads Movement, “one another Christianity” was expressed in a buddy system called “prayer partners,” where each person chose their own “buddy” or “buddies.” Many chose Christians even of the opposite sex!

With so many new Christians in the Boston Church of Christ, Kip felt that the “buddy system” approach was not effective. Building upon the concepts of “shepherding” and “prayer partners,” he came up with “discipleship partners.” In these relationships, the evangelists, elders and women’s ministry leaders – after discussion and prayer – arranged for an older or stronger Christian of the same sex to give direction to each of the younger or weaker ones. (This principle of mentoring is clearly seen in Jesus’ relationship with the Twelve, Paul’s relationship to Timothy, as well as in Titus 2:3-5 where the older women are commanded to train the younger women.) Each pair was expected to meet weekly and have daily contact. This “one-over-one” discipling paradigm was also applied to marriages; thus came the innovation of “marriage discipling” – a mature married couple mentoring a younger married couple. Also honoring marriage, another of Kip’s creative innovations was to replace “Bachelor Parties” (often accompanied with worldly overtones) with “Groom Honoring Parties.”

The Boston Movement Plantings

In 1981, the Lord put a vision on Kip’s heart: “The evangelization of the nations in a generation.” This passion was ignited as he was influenced by former missionaries and the mission efforts especially of the Sunset School of Preaching – a Mainline Church of Christ school to train preachers – located in Lubbock, Texas. Kip’s plan was a simple one: if the Boston Church of Christ could place a small group of disciples (a mission team) in each of the key metropolitan centers of the world, they in turn – by the multiplication of leaders and disciples – could send church plantings to each of the capital cities of the surrounding nations that were under their influence. Then these “capital city churches” could send out church plantings throughout that nation. Therefore, collectively, these capital city churches would evangelize the nations in one generation just as in the first century. (Acts 19:8-10; Colossians 1:6, 23)

The key churches planted in the major metropolitan centers were called “pillar churches” – for a world brotherhood was envisioned to be built on them. Dr. Donald McGavran, the “Father of Modern Church Growth” (in the broadest definition of Christianity), saw the Boston Movement as unique in that it had a plan to evangelize the entire world from one congregation. Almost everyone in the Boston Movement saw the uniqueness of this simple plan as God revealing “His plan” to “evangelize the nations in a generation.”

Kip zealously pursued this vision, as he trained ministers in Boston. Women were also trained in “women’s ministry” by Elena and Pat Gempel. These trained ministry couples were sent to the “pillar cities.” In 1982, Chicago, Illinois and London, England, were the first two plantings of the Boston Movement. By 2000, the Chicago Church attendance was 5,000 and the London Church attendance was 3,000.

In 1983, the New York City Church of Christ was planted. Though this city had a population of 18 million, only 18 disciples were sent from Boston. Kip deeply believed that only one church of “totally committed” disciples – no matter how small – would be necessary to evangelize an entire metropolitan area – no matter how large. At its zenith in 2001, the New York City Church had 7,000 in attendance.

In 1985, Toronto, Canada became the Boston Movement’s second foreign planting. The Lord blessed this congregation with over 100 baptisms in their very first year!

In 1986, Johannesburg, South Africa was planted. God used this planting in a powerful way to glorify His name among the nations, as the “black” and “white” disciples did not merely coexist, but in honor to God, for the first time hugged one another as “one church” in the midst of apartheid and under the threat of extremists. Paris and Stockholm were also planted in 1986, which proved language as an inconsequential barrier for the mission work of the Boston Movement.

In 1987 came the plantings of Mexico City, Mexico; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Hong Kong, China. Also of special note – as detailed in the LA Story's entitled Revolution, Multiplicity, and From Here to Eternity – 1987 marked the milestone of the then disparate churches abandoning autonomy to form one 'world brotherhood' which would have a central leadership. It was written in multiple articles that autonomy was the evil which would insure the world would never be evangelized, let alone in our generation.

In 1988, Bombay, India; Cairo, Egypt; and Tokyo, Japan were planted. The Tokyo planting was built on the Mainline Yoyogi-Hachiman Church of Christ foundation of the 1950’s built by George and Irene Gurganus – whom Kip affectionately called his “Spiritual Grandparents.”

In 1989, there were seven plantings whose mission teams were collectively composed of 120 Bible Talk Leaders sent out from Boston: Honolulu, Hawaii; Los Angeles, California; Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, Florida; Seattle, Washington; Washington DC; Manila, Philippines; and Bangkok, Thailand.

In 1990, the McKeans moved from Boston to Los Angeles to inspire the other church leaders of the movement by leading a smaller church which was “more relatable in size” to the other Boston Movement congregations – thus more easily imitated. (It was from Los Angeles in 1991 that Moscow, Russia was planted.) Valiantly, Kip and Elena personally led the mission teams to Manila, Bangkok and Moscow! In the first year in Manila, 400 were baptized into Christ! In Moscow’s first year, 850 were baptized!

Kip’s photo of the Moscow Mission Team on July 9, 1991 – the day they landed in Moscow! (Elena is pictured on the far right.)
Kip’s photo of the Moscow Mission Team on July 9, 1991
– the day they landed in Moscow! (Elena is
pictured on the far right.)

Of note, in the summer of 1989 after planting Manila, Kip courageously moved his family to Cairo after seven of the original eight mission team members – who were Americans – were deported by the government. This was a daring decision for Kip, Elena and their three young children. Kip felt that if he was to call others to preach in such life-threatening places as the Middle East, he himself must set an example to demonstrate this radical level of faith and sacrifice. Not only in Cairo, but throughout all of his years in ministry to this present day, there have been several death threats against Kip and even a few against his whole family, as preaching the truth always earns Satan’s wrath. (Revelation 2:13, 12:17)

In 2011, the Egyptian lawyer John Beshai – a hero of the evangelization of the Middle East – joined the SoldOut Movement! John went home to the Father on September 1, 2013.
In 2011, the Egyptian lawyer John Beshai – a hero of the
evangelization of the Middle East – joined the
SoldOut Movement! John went home to
the Father on September 1, 2013.

Unique to the Boston Movement, not only did disciples make disciples, but churches planted churches. The Boston Church planted each of the “pillar churches,” which planted other churches, which planted still others. By 2001, at the time of his sabbatical, there were almost 400 churches in 171 nations and a combined Sunday morning attendance of about 200,000! 42 churches had more than 1,000 in attendance and 15 churches had more than 3,000 in attendance! The largest international congregation was the Manila Church at 6,000 in attendance! These numbers were staggering when compared with the Mainline Churches of Christ or any denominational group. Never in history has any church growth movement ever spread as quickly and to so many nations!

From 1981 on through the 80’s greatly aiding this expansion was the coming into the movement of about 2,000 mostly young people from the various elements of the Mainline Churches of Christ, especially the “Crossroads Campus Ministry Churches.” They moved to Boston or to one of the Boston Church of Christ plantings to become disciples or be strengthened as disciples, and to train to be on mission teams. These people – many of whom were leaders – were in awe of God and the unprecedented growth that the Holy Spirit produced in Boston and her daughter churches. They were often referred to as “remnant disciples.” (Isaiah 10:20-22) Kip documents this exciting Biblical phenomenon of God gathering His remnant in both Revolution Through Restoration Part 1 and Part 2.

In retrospect, one amazing aspect of this young movement was that many of these “remnant disciples” who were leaders had several philosophical and doctrinal conflicts with each other. However, Kip made every effort to forge a bond of unity between all of these leaders from the Scriptures by calling them to work side-by-side for one purpose. (Philippians 1:27; 2:1-4) Over time being “partners in the gospel” helped them to “surrender” their personal perspectives and be united in pursuing “the dream!”

On a sad note in 1987, when the Atlanta Church of the Boston Movement was “planted” through a split in a “Crossroads Ministry Congregation,” at this historic moment, the Crossroads Church of Christ sinfully “disfellowshipped” the McKeans, the Boston Church of Christ, and all of its affiliated plantings. Without debate, this made a clear distinction between the Boston Movement and the Crossroads Movement, which was in sharp decline in 1985 after the departure from the full-time ministry of their leader Chuck Lucas for personal reasons.

Central Leadership – The World Sector Leaders


The World Sector Leaders in 1992 – Front Row: Bob
Gempel, Kip McKean, Phil Lamb and Al Baird.
Second Row: Marty Fuqua, Scott Green,
Doug Arthur, Randy McKean, Steve
Johnson and Frank Kim.

In 1988, because of the rapid expanse of the churches, several brothers encouraged Kip to focus on a few “capable… and trustworthy men.” (Exodus 18:13-26) After six months of prayerful consideration and several discussions, Kip and Elena chose nine couples: Doug and Joyce Arthur, Al and Gloria Baird, Tom and Kelly Brown, Bob and Pat Gempel, Scott and Lynne Green, Steve and Lisa Johnson, Frank and Erica Kim, Phil and Donna Lamb, Randy and Kay McKean. These leaders – whom the McKeans had personally trained for the ministry – became known as the “World Sector Leaders.”

This was extremely significant, because the Mainline Church of Christ believes in autonomy – the independence of each congregation. Practically autonomy means that all final decisions about that local congregation are made by the local leadership. They believe that conferring with leadership from other congregations is good, but there is no overseeing authority, which can give directives on matters such as: dealing with difficult situations, raising and sending money for mission efforts, or calling for certain disciples for mission teams to complete an overall plan. Yet in the Scriptures, Paul writes the “overseeing evangelist” Titus (who Paul himself oversees), “The reason I left you in Crete was that you might straighten out what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you… for there are many rebellious people, mere talkers and deceivers… They must be silenced… Therefore, encourage and rebuke with all authority.” (Titus 1:5, 10-11; 2:15) So Kip and Elena, because of their vision and convictions from Scriptures, forged a “leadership family,” where each couple would “oversee” the evangelization of “their region” of the world – which collectively covered the globe! (Of note, during the first few years of the World Sector Leaders, the McKeans alongside the Bairds and the Gempels – as Shepherding Couples – would make the major decisions for the movement. Later, the Arthurs, the Kims and the Johnsons were added to this decision-making group.)


Kip & Elena and Bob & Pat Gempel stroll together
through the Garden of Gethsemane just outside
of Jerusalem in 1994.

On January 1, 1990, the McKeans went to fortify the Los Angeles Church, which was planted in August 1989 by Tom and Kelly Brown. In turn, the Browns were sent back to Boston for strengthening, and Marty and Chris Fuqua replaced them as World Sector Leaders. When the McKeans arrived, the Los Angeles Church had 154 members. By March 1993 when I was baptized, church services were incredible celebrations of God’s glory. At that time, the LA Church was having 3,000 in attendance! Amazingly in 2001, the last year that the McKeans led the congregation, there were 10,000 members with about 15,000 in attendance regularly every Sunday morning, and 2,500 were baptized that year! Of special note, one of my most memorable worship services of the LA Church was when 17,000 of us gathered on a warm Saturday evening in November 1997 in one of America’s largest stadiums – the Rose Bowl! At this glorious occasion, Kip’s visionary sermon was simply entitled, The Purposes Of God.

As well in 1991, the McKeans asked Bob and Pat Gempel to become the Directors of the newly founded HOPEworldwide as their charge as World Sector Leaders. HOPEworldwide was the benevolent arm of the Boston Movement Churches. Its uniqueness from all other charity organizations was that the World Sector Leaders could mobilize every member of every church in every country for a focused volunteer effort to help the poor and needy around the world. In 1994, the World Sector Leaders of the Boston Movement officially adopted the name International Church of Christ (ICOC). This name was first given to the Boston Movement by John Vaughn, a denominational church growth expert. He surmised that the vast majority of the Mainline Churches of Christ were located in the “Bible Belt” of America, but the Boston Movement (to him with a similar plan of salvation) had an equal number of congregations internationally as they did nationally. So in his articles from his research, he distinguished between the Mainline Churches of Christ and the Boston Movement Churches, thus birthing the name: “International” Church of Christ!

Also in 1994, Kip wrote and laid out his most visionary project to date – The Evangelization Proclamation! Signed by the McKeans and all the World Sector Leaders, they vowed before God to plant a discipling church in every nation of the world that had a city with at least a population of 100,000 by the year 2000! It became more commonly known as The Six Year Plan. At its signing, we were in “just” 53 countries. Through the power of God, this monumental task was accomplished by July 2000! Unprecedented in the history of Christianity, in just 21 years, God had multiplied the “30 would-be disciples” in the Boston Church to almost 400 churches, 135,000 disciples in 171 nations with a combined Sunday attendance of 200,000!


The World Sector Leaders in the fall of 1994. By this time,
Cory & Megan Blackwell had been added to the group
to spearhead the evangelization of the Middle East!

The Women World Sector Leaders in 1998 – First Row:
Chris Fuqua, Megan Blackwell, Gloria Baird, Elena
McKean, Pat Gempel and Kay McKean.
Second Row: Donna Lamb, Erika Kim,
Lisa Johnson, Joyce Arthur
and Lynne Green.

Very encouraging to the movement were the following leadership appointments. In the late 80’s, Kip asked Cecil Wooten – a two-time recipient of the Purple Heart in World War II and the former Vice President of Chicago Bridge and Iron – to become the Administrator of the Boston Movement Churches. Each World Sector Leader had a World Sector Administrator. Cecil oversaw and coordinated this group. In 1993, the McKeans asked Al and Gloria Baird to oversee a new world sector called the “Media and Law World Sector.” Also at that time, the McKeans trained Cory Blackwell – a former NBA basketball player – and his wife Megan for the ministry, while building the “Cross and Switchblade Ministry” in the dangerous neighborhoods of South Central LA. Since Cory’s single mother was a devote Muslim, the Blackwells were asked by the McKeans to become the World Sector Leaders for the Middle East. (Cory’s mom – Wazirah – was later baptized in 1999!)

Fellowshipping together in 2013, Wazirah, Cory Blackwell’s mother, and Elena, whom Cory affectionately calls his “spiritual mom.”
Fellowshipping together in 2013, Wazirah, Cory
Blackwell’s mother,  and Elena, whom Cory
affectionately calls his “spiritual mom.”

Another replacement among the World Sector Leaders was made when the Lambs, because of “family and health issues,” were asked to step aside in order to receive strengthening. (Sadly, the Lambs later divorced; Phil fell away, yet Donna remained faithful till her death by cancer in December 2007.) To replace the Lambs, who oversaw the Central and South America World Sector, Peter and Laura Garcia – the trusted brother and sister-in-law of Elena – were asked to serve in this role. In 1999, Cecil was in his 70’s and wanted to take a step back from the rigorous demands of administration. Consequently, Andy and Tammy Fleming were selected to assume his role as the leaders of all the administrators throughout the ICOC. The McKeans made this into the “Administration World Sector.” The last World Sector Leaders selected were Russ and Gail Ewell. They led the “NET World Sector” – New media, Exceptional children, and Technology. The leadership structure of the International Churches of Christ was as simple as it was creative and unique! Of the original World Sector Leaders – except the Gempels and the Bairds whose role was to shepherd the group – each was given a geographic charge. There evolved eight geographic World Sectors: British Commonwealth – Great Britain, India, Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia (Arthurs); ACES – Africa, Caribbean, Eastern States (Johnsons); Europe (the Randy McKeans); Pac Rim (Kims); Central and South America (Lambs); Northern Federation – former Soviet Union nations; Scandinavia, Canada and the Western US (Fuquas); China (Greens); and later the Middle East (Blackwells). Each World Sector Leader Couple’s discipling group was composed of 10-12 other couples: a World Sector Administrator, a World Sector Elder, a World Sector Teacher, and Geographic Sector Leaders (Evangelists and Women’s Ministry Leaders). Also, in most world sectors, there was a World Sector Media and Law Couple. The World Sector Elders were collectively called the “Kingdom Elders.” They were overseen by the Bairds. The World Sector Teachers were collectively known as the “Kingdom Teachers,” and eventually led by Andy Fleming. The Geographic Sector Leaders (GSL) oversaw the evangelism of a region of that World Sector. For example, in the ACES, Mike and Anne-Brigitte Taliaferro were the “GSL Couple” for Africa, and in the Northern Federation, Sasha and Louisa Kostenko served as the “GSL Couple” for the 15 nations in the former Soviet Union – the Commonwealth of Independent States. In time, each GSL Couple built their own discipleship group, which was composed of essentially an evangelist and women’s ministry leader for each nation or group of nations, which was in their geographic charge.

World Missions Evangelist – Sabbatical

At the beginning of 2001 as a college student in Boston, the oldest of the McKeans’ children began to question her faith. Though everyone who falls away must take full responsibility for this decision, it must be noted that this young woman was unjustly and heavily criticized – largely because of the high profile of her parents – and feeling unloved by many in the congregation contributed to her no longer attending church. (Luke 17:1-2) This single event caused uncertainty in the McKeans’ leadership among many of the World Sector Leaders, as well as among the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers. In September of 2001, the World Sector Leaders “forced” the McKeans to go on sabbatical – though later, some deeply regretted this decision.

Unbiblically applied to Kip were the qualifications of an elder, not an evangelist. The reasoning was that to “oversee” a church, one had to “manage his own family [well or] how can he take care of God’s church.” (1 Timothy 3:4-5) Also cited incorrectly was Proverbs 22:6, “Train a child in the way he should go, and… he will not turn from it.” Left out from this quote is the phrase, “when he is old.” Disregarding what is obviously implied in the phrase “when he is old,” is that during their younger years children may not be faithful to God, but will return to the kingdom because of their good training when they are “old.” (This has now been seen in the SoldOut Movement and the ICOC over and over again.) Even sadder is the lack of grace by almost all of the World Sector Leaders, Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers. In the Scriptures, some of God’s and Israel’s greatest leaders had unfaithful children – Aaron, Samuel, and even the Old Testament’s “man after God’s own heart,” David – yet they continued to victoriously lead “all Israel.”

Kip was profoundly affected by his beloved daughter leaving the faith, the “stripping away” of his leadership, and the public condemnation of his “leadership style” and the Biblical teachings that propelled the movement to almost all nations. Most of all, he was brokenhearted at the decimation of the churches that came in early 2003. I remember quite vividly those dark days of the McKeans’ sabbatical. After working on Elena’s computer in 2002, I came downstairs to see my devastated friend and leader, distraught by the condition of God’s family and hurting from the lost relationships of those who abandoned him in his time of need. The only words I could muster were, “Kip, I don’t know what to say to you. But, I do know that the whole Kingdom world-wide is falling apart around us and you need to ‘get back on the horse’.” Through God’s strength found in weakness, this he did.

In the past 10 years in both sermons and his writings, Kip is quite vulnerable about wrestling with bitterness, being depressed and unmotivated, as well as drifting and becoming quite distant in his walk with God for about a year of this one-and-a-half year sabbatical. Kip has openly confessed that these are all signs of one of the rarely acknowledged “seven deadly sins” – “acedia,” from which many other remnant disciples have suffered the consequences. (2 Corinthians 7:10; Hebrews 12:3, 15)

Read Kip's Article on Acedia

In the summer of 2002, the McKeans were invited to Bald Head Island, North Carolina, which is located near where the Cape Fear River empties into the Atlantic. Kip writes the following in Revolution Through Restoration Part 3:

"In the waters off the beach known as Cape Fear, there were huge, raging waves as the currents of the Atlantic Ocean collided with the currents of the Cape Fear River. Historically, this tumult resulted in many shipwrecks. I went to spend time with God at Cape Fear. I soon noticed that where there should have been a lighthouse, there was only a weathered foundation. This is what I wrote that day:"

The Cape Fear Psalm

The rage of the opposing currents
Has shipwrecked my faith.
The lighthouse has gone
And I have no direction.
I am alone for I feel your anger Lord
From your Word and from people who feel like foes,
That used to call me friend and leader.
I gloried in your victories
Which I foolishly called my own.

And now your hand is pushing me under the currents
For I exalted myself, and not your grace.
I am weary through unceasing pain
From morning until night,
In sleep there is a peace when I close my eyes.
But my dreams are full of anguish and darkness.
Because your lighthouse has been destroyed.

I am drowning in self-pity and bitterness engulfs me.
You know that I cannot bear much more.
I fear for your movement.
I fear for my family.
And I fear most for my soul.
I have thoughts of dying.
But realize there would await me
Only an unrelenting, malicious presence,
To be eternally away from you.

My daily tears have been for me,
Yet now they are because I have disappointed you
And have hurt so many through my sins.
Please forgive my arrogance.
I became confused in my pride
And I turned from your wisdom to mine.
I stopped consulting your Word and my brother prophets.

Let my heart return to that simple eternal moment
Where I first saw your lighthouse.
Through the calm sea of baptism
I responded to your Word.
I first felt your Fatherly embrace
Just 30 short years ago.

I was indignant at your enemies of false prophets
Those hypocritical leaders of your people
For they led me and the whole world astray.
I was damaged by their arrogance and sin.

But by your Mighty Hand, even that first day
You gave me the strength to confront them.
Now I am them. I find no fellowship.
Only angry confrontations.
The prophets I trained are furious
At the damage I have caused your movement.
Few remember my deeds, fewer my zeal,
Only you know my heart.

Father, lead me to rebuild that lighthouse.
If your mercy allows, I will help to rebuild it.
Today I promise you I will stop drifting out to sea.
Today I promise I will swim till I reach the other shore.
I will not quit.
I realize my sacrifice only brought you ever-lessening pleasure
As my heart became dull.
For you desire only a broken and contrite heart.
Only these prayers are the incense of heaven.

Today I promise to strive to be only a disciple.
I surrender my ambition to lead till you refine it in the fires of criticism.
I will no longer care what the media, my enemies and even my friends say.
Because this brought me to Cape Fear.
Only your approval will I seek.

My most heartfelt prayer is
Let me and my family make it through the raging currents.
Let your lighthouse shine mightily
So we can make it to the other side.

Kip continues in Revolution Through Restoration Part 3 reflecting on how his sins affected the movement:

During the sabbatical, God taught me to take responsibility for my leadership in the Kingdom, the decisions of the World Sector Leaders, and for the spiritual condition of each person in my family. My sins are clear and grievous. I have been arrogant, almost always thinking I was right. I did not listen. I did not actively seek discipling for me and my family. I was only partially open and deceit came into my life. This led to the sin of anger towards those who disagreed with me. Too often, I viewed these individuals as critical. I did not draw people out. I built an atmosphere in which people were afraid to speak up. There were times when I corrected people that I was mean, cruel and I even humiliated them. I was too controlling. For this I apologize. I am truly sorry…

Ultimately, my most devastating sin was claiming God’s victories as mine. In pride, I boasted in “my” accomplishments. I allowed people to give me glory; I did not refocus them to God. Though some have charged “growth was god,” this was never true. My goal was, and still is, simply “to win as many as possible.” (1 Corinthians 9:19) However, people developed wrong motivations and stumbled because of my overemphasis on numeric goals and accountability, though I still believe in accountability if it is used wisely as Jesus did. (Mark 6:30) In retrospect, I see that many leaders did not imitate Christ in me, but my ungodly leadership traits, and they are now being hurt by those they hurt. I confessed these sins while sharing my sabbatical journey at the Unity Meeting in LA [specifically Long Beach] in November 2002.

One evangelist called the Cape Fear Psalm, “Kip’s Psalm 51.” As for his shortcomings in his family, Kip humbly shared, “Though Elena and I believe that we raised our precious children in the Lord as each was baptized and remained faithful during their teen years, my biggest regret was that I put my children on a pedestal in front of the movement. This put too much pressure on them and hurt them spiritually as sometimes they felt that they could not measure-up. I have apologized to each of them for this. They have forgiven me, and we remain a very close family. I pray daily and believe with all of my heart that because of the godly training each received that one day ‘when they are [older]’ they will return to the Lord.”

God taught one last invaluable lesson to Kip about his sins in his leadership concerning the weak. He wrote, “God has a sense of ironic justice. To rid Jacob of his deceitful nature, God placed Jacob under Laban, a worse deceiver. To show me how insensitive and in fact merciless at times I had been to the weak, God placed me “under” upset and – from my point of view – unforgiving brothers who would not give me any mercy or the benefit of the doubt, though I felt I had done so much for them through the years. I felt humiliated through shame and exasperated to the point of considering leaving the Lord. I learned that mercy expressed through kindness, forgiveness and gentleness – was not only God’s way to encourage and strengthen the weak, but the only path to keep a movement together. In all of these trials, my dear wife exemplified how one should love the weak by staying at my side with unconditional love.”

These lessons were painfully learned through the discipline of suffering that God allowed Kip “as a son” to endure. (Hebrews 12:5-11) However by July 2003, Kip – though severely weakened by these many trials – was a “changed man.” He was refreshed by repentance, and so the Spirit sent him to Portland to build again with these lessons freshly etched on his heart. (Acts 3:19)

The Destruction Of A Global Movement

At the onset of the sabbatical – shocking to many of us – most of the World Sector Leaders failed to support the McKeans in their time of crisis. Some World Sector Leaders agreed that because of the unfaithfulness of McKeans’ child, they were now unfit to lead. Some individuals were bitter and in their words, “The McKeans have too high of expectations for us and our churches.” While others, silent for years, now openly expressed, “Why do ‘our churches’ need to contribute money to HOPEworldwide and/or the Central Missions Fund?” So the insidious desire to be autonomous as well as doubting whether the world could be evangelized in a generation began to permeate the World Sector Leaders thus paralyzing them.

At this point, mercy, forgiveness and an ongoing support of the McKeans’ leadership on the part of the World Sector Leaders would have saved the ICOC from its fall. Indeed, the McKeans humbly begged for the forgiveness of their sins and shortcomings on multiple occasions and even in tears shared Scriptures to this end. Yet, no mercy was extended as the World Sector Leaders cowered as there mounted a growing number of vociferous attacks on Kip and Elena. Clearly in retrospect at this juncture, a “domino effect” of “God’s ironic justice” was beginning to occur. As the World Sector Leaders had drawn back from the McKeans, so now most of the World Sector Leaders were being likewise undermined with no mercy by those under their leadership for the exact same issues: marriage dynamic, children’s behavior, and leadership style.

This created a leadership vacuum. It was at this point that the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers chose to elevate themselves. Of note, these two groups were composed entirely of people with their roots in the Mainline Church of Christ. They were fueled by their feelings of under-appreciation and entitlement. Very sadly, this bitter “Absalomic spirit” and common denominational roots bonded the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers. Like Absalom, they initiated a very calculated campaign to “steal the hearts of the men of Israel” (2 Samuel 15:6) by playing to the complaint: “Who then can be saved?” (Matthew 19:25) This “complaint” is one that all disciples have during the course of following anyone preaching the true Jesus. They heightened the issue of “unbelieving children disqualifying men from leadership” through a series of articles appearing on the Los Angeles ICOC Website. Here, they also introduced their confusing “Mainline doctrines” of “consensus leadership” and elders having authority over the very evangelists that appointed them.

In the Kingdom Elders’ and Kingdom Teachers’ lessons and local meetings, they viciously attacked the “hierarchical structure of the ICOC,” in which they were subordinated to the McKeans and the World Sector Leaders. As stated before, this leadership pyramid was Kip’s practical application of Exodus 18:13-26, and was the vehicle that the Spirit used to spread the gospel to 171 nations. They cruelly assailed Kip further on his “forceful approach of leadership and preaching” labeling this: “Kip’s militaristic style as a son of an admiral.”

At the forefront of this ungodly rebellion were Andy Fleming, the leader of the Kingdom Teachers, and Scott Green, who were both World Sector Leaders with Mainline Church of Christ backgrounds. Fleming and Green, alongside Gordon Ferguson, Douglas Jacoby and Sam Laing – Kingdom Teachers – as well as Wyndham Shaw and Bruce Williams – Kingdom Elders – began a focused effort to “falsely” teach against the Biblical concept of a central leadership with a central leader for God’s people, thus returning the ICOC to the “Mainline theology of autonomy.” They used professed “wisdom” and proclaimed that these “better and more mature teachings” (James 3:13-16) – like autonomy and “discipling is optional not a command” – would make “the Kingdom” much “healthier.” Sadly, but again clearly in retrospect, these “better teachings” and their “wisdom” only served to halt the expansion of God’s movement, confuse and scatter disciples, and save far fewer people.

In Matthew 7:15-16, Jesus preaches quite pointedly, “Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves. By their fruit you will recognize them.” The Arabian wolf – a small, white wolf in Israel about whom Jesus referred – is very hard to distinguish from white sheep of similar size. They travel in packs ferociously devouring individual sheep and destroying whole flocks of sheep. Therefore, according to Jesus, the discerning Christian should examine very carefully the condition of the “spiritual flock” and be perceptive about who is a sheep and who is not. Likewise, by examining “the fruit” of devastation to the ICOC flocks of souls around the world caused by “false teachings,” it is very obviously – though so shocking to some that it is hard to accept – these once powerful and highly esteemed preachers and shepherds became “false teachers.” (2 Corinthians 11:13-15)

After the McKeans’ sabbatical began in 2001, spearheading the “new direction” in the LA ICOC was Bruce Williams, my mentor for my first eight years as a disciple of Jesus. Williams opted to circulate the slander about the McKeans and the “new teachings” through “Family Talks,” each consisting of about 20 Christians. Williams – heightened in his influence by the support of his fellow elder in the LA ICOC Al Baird, who had been a World Sector Leader – travelled throughout the six county area of metropolitan LA, falsely teaching the people that it was Kip’s personality, his “militaristic style of leadership,” and his inability to lead his own family that was the demise of our churches. Three deacons from Williams’ own region and I openly challenged Williams, calling him to stop the slander.

Knowing I had been in near daily contact with Baird as his personal computer consultant for two years, Williams contacted Baird and called me on a conference call where they insisted their claims were well-known amongst the leadership and they had the McKeans’ full approval to talk about the situation with his kids. I put into practice Proverbs 18:17, attempted to conference in Kip. However, the moment Kip was added to the call both Williams and Baird disconnected and refused my calls to reconnect. In my ensuing conversation with Kip, I was heartbroken when I learned the real truth that the McKeans had never given such approval.

Later in 2003, Fleming, Williams, and Baird – alongside former World Sector Leaders Marty Fuqua and Peter Garcia of LA – would perpetuate an unprecedented move. These men swayed those who held positions on the Board of Directors to use the authority given to them by the “laws of the United States” to supersede the “laws of the Scriptures” and force out the leader that even all of them for years had wholeheartedly agreed was “God’s man” – placed in authority by God to lead His movement and maintain unity. I remember the shock and horror of learning in a 45 minute discussion with Andy Fleming that this was a thoroughly thought-out and executed plan. He preached to the Riverside Sector of the Los Angeles Church about our new “freedom in Christ” “boasting” to the congregation how “he” had Kip removed. After Fleming’s lesson, he relayed to me more specifics.

Interestingly, there are many movements recorded in the Scriptures. Noah, Moses, Joshua, Nehemiah, David, John the Baptist, and of course Jesus were all raised-up by God to lead remnants of God’s people to become great movements. Near the end of their lives, both Gideon and David personally chose to step away from their positions. However, only one time in all of Scripture is the leader of one of God’s movements ever “forced out” of his leadership position by the people he led. This occurred in Absalom’s rebellion against David with Absalom suffering the consequence of death. (2 Samuel 15-18) In time, God raised-up David to lead again – just as He has now done with Kip! In the Bible, God always “raised-up” and “took out” His leader in “His” timing. God expected His people to trust Him and to wait on His timing instead of rebelling against Him and His leader.

Although the McKeans were “officially fired” in April 2003, this horrific and shameful event was never announced to any of the International Churches of Christ. Immediately following the firing of the McKeans, another series of articles about “unbelieving children” was circulated, which essentially began, “We have continued to study the topic of unbelieving children…” Here, these same teachers completely reversed their stance on “unbelieving children” – the very principle that was falsely used to “force out” God’s leader. As of today, not one of the former World Sector Leaders, Kingdom Teachers or Kingdom Elders would say that an unfaithful child disqualifies an evangelist, because many of them have unfaithful children and presently serve as “Lead Evangelists.” Sadly, this unspoken reversal of position – to now “protect” themselves – exposes the hypocritical evil of “using” the McKeans’ child to “rid” the movement of God’s man.

The harsh and ungodly treatment of the McKeans in firing them from the ministry, as well as this “double standard” about “unfaithful children,” would have led most couples to simply quit the “fish bowl life” of the ministry. Though severely wounded, what set the McKeans apart from most couples was their deep conviction that God had called them into the ministry, as well as their constant encouragement to each other to stay righteous before God and to continue to love their critics, not giving into Satan’s temptations of hate, self-pity or “striking back.”

Of special note, only one World Sector Leader Pat Gempel has publically apologized to the McKeans. This she did in Portland at the 2005 World Missions Jubilee. It’s also important to state that Kip has said, “I’ll never condone in the new movement anyone speaking out naming the men and women in leadership in the ICOC, whose children are unfaithful and especially which of their children have become unfaithful and left God. I have personally felt the devastation it causes in the lives of a family and especially in the lives of the children. I still love all of these families very much. Therefore, I would never intentionally hurt any of these children, as I pray that each of them will return to God and once more be a faithful disciple.”

Sadly, the cruel public character assassination of both Kip and Elena using the spiritual condition of their children continues to this day. Yet, the sharp decline of members in the ICOC since the McKeans’ sabbatical in 2001, testifies to God’s hand being against this ungodly “conspiracy.” (2 Samuel 15-18) In sharp contrast, the rapid increase of disciples and churches in God’s new SoldOut Movement, which God has raised-up Kip to lead – alongside a loyal and unified team of overseeing evangelists, women’s ministry leaders, and shepherding couples – testifies to God’s approval! (1 Corinthians 3:7)

Another significant testimony of God pouring out His blessings when authentic discipling was restored is in marriage and family. For years, the ICOC “boasted in the Lord” to have very few divorces. With discipling abandoned, divorce became rampant – even with couples who were at one time in the fulltime ministry! In sharp contrast, in God’s new movement once again divorce is non-existent in most congregations, as the marriages and families are “rejoicing in the Lord.”

The two most prominent aspects of Mainline theology (but hidden to many because of a lack of knowledge about the roots of the ICOC) were blindly adopted by most preachers in the ICOC: 1) Becoming only a “New Testament” Church – the Old Testament Scriptures (though historically accurate) had no authority, especially in the areas of leadership and governess. 2) The mode of the interpretation of Scripture by Thomas Campbell – “Speak where the Bible speaks, and be silent where the Bible is silent.” Since the New Testament does not explicitly have the term World Sector Leaders, the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers swayed the rest of the leaders of the ICOC at the Long Beach Unity Meeting in November 2002, to completely dissolve the structured, central leadership. In shame, the McKeans and the World Sector Leaders who had not yet stepped down were “forced” to resign their roles at the Long Beach Unity Meeting. (However, the McKeans were still to be paid full-time and in January 2003 began serving in the Cal State Long Beach Campus Ministry.)

This upheaval embraced a reactionary “new and better vision” of congregations that were “so mature” that they no longer needed overseeing evangelists. Most also embraced consensus leadership in the local congregation with no “Lead Evangelist” – because the term “Lead Evangelist” is not found in the New Testament. At this time, a movement to eliminate a structured outreach (Bible Talks) and structured discipling (Discipleship Partners) arose. “Kip’s vision” of the evangelization of the nations in a generation was called “a good idea” yet “impossible” by such outspoken critics as Douglas Jacoby and Scott Green. Some began to label Kip as a “false teacher” for this dream, believing that the pressure on the churches to evangelize the world in a generation was the primary source of bitterness in many leaders and in many churches. Yet devoid of the dream to change the world, Proverbs 29:18 would prove true again – “Without vision the people perish.”

The ultimate demise of what was then known and revered as the International Church of Christ came in February 2003, when Henry Kriete, a hurting and former Mainline Church of Christ evangelist in London, released his letter entitled, Honest To God. In his letter, Kriete advocated “a time for anger and the overthrowing of temples: I believe the time is now.” The rebellion of some of the World Sector Leaders and all of the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers was consequently passed on to all the members. Thousands left God confused and angry. Other disciples quietly “walked away” to try to find “the same church elsewhere,” which proved to be in vain.

Further confusing the membership was the decision by the Kingdom Elders and Kingdom Teachers in April 2003 to “reopen the door to the Mainline Church of Christ.” Kip – as a loving and concerned “father in the faith” – reminded and warned the LA leadership as well as what was left of the ICOC leadership that most members in the Mainline Church of Christ were not totally committed disciples. (1 Corinthians 4:14-17) He conveyed that trying to merge the “two fellowships” – ICOC and Mainline – would produce more confusion. Not heeding the words of “their prophet,” as of today, the ICOC has lost its distinctiveness and identity. Very significantly, to signal a fundamental change of doctrine, almost all ICOC congregations no longer called themselves the “International Church of Christ,” but simply the “Church of Christ.” For example, the Boston International Church of Christ changed their name to the Boston Church of Christ.

Satan’s doctrine of autonomy had two more destructive effects on the ICOC: First of all, outside the United States autonomy gave birth to a “sinful nationalism.” Many international congregations did not want their church led or overseen by “a foreigner.” Consequently – just a month after the November 2002 Long Beach Unity Meeting – the London ICOC fired their Lead Evangelist, for the most part because he was American. After the 2003 Kriete Letter that called for an angry rebellion, scores of missionaries were rejected by “the nationals” they laid down their lives to convert. These same missionaries returned home in shame. Tragically, they then needed to find secular jobs, as the American congregations could not absorb the salaries of so many returning missionaries, especially with their own weekly contributions plummeting because of complete lack of confidence in leadership and a flagging conviction about the “need” for a worldwide movement.

Secondly, autonomy – and “the hypocritical desire for each preacher to lead his own kingdom” – very sadly led to the “one ICOC church in each city” dividing into several congregations of varying convictions. For example, London divided into six separate churches; Los Angeles splintered into seven congregations; and Atlanta separated into 12 congregations!

While the ICOC embraces most of these other congregations as brothers, the SoldOut Movement is criticized for “planting new congregations” into cities such as these. The establishment of SoldOut Movement Churches in these cities does not condemn individuals who are saved as they continue to truly live as disciples in the ICOC’s splintered congregations. The planting of these “new congregations” simply says we are going to evangelize the world, including cities which already have disciples who will not work in unity with us. Ironically in the 80’s and 90’s, the Mainline Churches of Christ made the same statement when the Boston Movement (ICOC) planted churches in “their” cities. The ICOC position then and ours now is: The need for “another church” is that we do not believe that any other congregation will evangelize that entire city, and thus the world. We believe we must obey this command of God, because though “our congregation” is not the only church with disciples, it is the only church composed of only disciples.

Fired By Men – Approved By God

In April 2003, the McKeans courageously confronted the LA ICOC leadership in the presence of Bob and Pat Gempel, who the McKeans asked to come as witnesses. Kip and Elena challenged Al Baird, Marty Fuqua, Andy Fleming and Bruce Williams on these issues: 1) Abandoning discipling; 2) Returning to Mainline theology – especially autonomy; 3) The silence – the deceit – about this decision with the LA membership; 4) The silence – the deceit – to the LA membership about the incredible numbers leaving the ICOC around the world in every congregation – falling away or walking away; 5) Calling the dream of the evangelization of the nations in a generation, ”Impossible.” Kip and Elena reiterated at the meeting, “The dream of an evangelized world is not only possible, but it was accomplished in the first century and is the command of God.” (Colossians 1:23; 1 Timothy 2:3-4, 3:16, 4:9-11) After this meeting, the McKeans were fired for these convictions.

Now with little support from any disciples anywhere, Kip takes his stand and writes Revolution Through Restoration Part 3: From Babylon To Zion. In this treatise of faith, despite all the opposition and abandonment of many once faithful brothers, Kip has been able to realize all the more the sovereignty of God and how He uses seemingly down and disastrous times as a means to propel the gospel of Jesus around the globe. He also humbly assesses his leadership, as well as what was godly and right in the Boston Movement, which became the ICOC. He documents where his and others’ sins and shortcomings were addressed with little or no mercy and forgiveness. Kip concludes that this lack of “agapé love” was ultimately responsible for the demise of what was once God’s movement.

The Spirit Moves The McKeans To Portland

Officially on July 11, 2003, at the invitation of the leadership of the Portland International Church of Christ, Kip and Elena moved to Portland, Oregon to lead a hurting and devastated church. When the Kriete Letter came out in February 2003, the Portland Church had 300 members. Yet at the McKeans’ first midweek just five months later in July 2003, it was only necessary to set up 25 chairs for the entire congregation! Over the next three years, the Portland Church experienced incredible growth to 600 in attendance on Sundays (with 487 in the membership) when they handed over the leadership of the church as they left on the “LA Mission Team” in early 2007. During the years following the Kriete Letter, the Portland International Church of Christ – under Kip’s seasoned leadership – was the fastest growing congregation of what was left of the ICOC churches in the world!

The Spirit’s revival of the Portland Church centered in Kip’s faith in preaching the Word and his uncompromising but “now gentle call” for every member’s heart to obey it. Bible Talks, Discipleship Partners, a College/Teen Devotional, and the weekly contribution collections were quickly reinstated. The turning point came early on when Kip, though weakened but faithful and wiser after over two years of intense suffering, called for an “Evening of Atonement.” On Wednesday evening, August 13, 2003, over 100 people gathered to share their repentance to God and to each other publically. Tony Untalan and Jeremy Ciaramella were the first to share, apologizing with tears and mentioning specific people in the crowd that they had sinned against. It moved everyone to tears. The heartfelt apologies and sharing by about 25 more individuals lasted almost three hours! Through this effort, about 75 disciples returned to be members of the Portland Church. By January 2004, the Portland Church numbered 120 disciples and word began to spread across America and in fact around the globe that “things were happening in Portland!” Over the next three years, individuals from 26 different states moved to Portland where many exclaimed upon their arrival as my wife and I did, “This is the church I was baptized in!” It was such a powerful time that DJ and Kacie Comisford – who moved from Ohio to be a part of the growing revival in the perpetually rainy city of Portland – wrote about their experience in a song:

The Portland Song

Wasting – away here
When it was suddenly revealed
That we couldn’t make it here without rain!
What a shame!
Patiently waiting, begging God constantly praying
Please lead us to greener pastures!

God is there anywhere to go?
Is there any hope to grow again?
Where are the people that still dream?
Please bring us times of refreshin’.
Then He sent hope from the West Coast!
There’s plenty of rain on the West Coast!

Welcome to Portland, Oregon
Where the rain is pourin’
Hope your soul feels at home.
All the people criticizin’
But we are just baptizin’
Got plenty of H20!
And you say hey-o welcome home!
And you say hey-o welcome home!

Came here with nothing
But with the faith
God could do something great!
Now this was more than we asked for
That’s for sure! Oregon
You shared your faith
You shared your dreams
Gave us love
Helped us to believe
You were the answer to our prayer!
God provided a place to go
He gave us hope to grow again!
And here are the people that still dream
Now are the times of refreshin’.
And we found hope on the West Coast!
There’s plenty of rain on the West Coast!

Welcome to Portland, Oregon
Where the rain is pourin’
Hope your soul feels at home.
All the people criticizin’
But we are just baptizin’
Got plenty of H2O!
And you say hey-o welcome home!
And you say hey-o welcome home!

The Global Internet Ministry Begins


CyberEvangelists: Jeremy Ciaramella, Rob Onekea
and Ron Harding

In the early days of Portland to propel the message that God put on his heart, Kip relied heavily on Jeremy Ciaramella to build a website that would appeal to the faithful remnant around the world. The name Upsidedown21 (USD21) was selected; “Upsidedown” since the first century church “turned the world upsidedown” (Acts 17:6 RSV), and the “21” gave the vision that the disciples’ impact in the first century would be echoed in the twenty-first century! The weekly bulletin articles of the Portland Church were displayed on the USD21 website. Quite creatively, these articles were translated into seven other languages also displayed on the website. Feedback from the website was tremendous! Most of the people that ended up moving to Portland first became interested through the articles and Kip’s sermons online. Kip realized there was an entirely new frontier for unifying the people of God and evangelizing the world in a generation. This led him to yet another innovation, the appointing of Jeremy Ciaramella as the first CyberEvangelist at the 2004 Jubilee! (In 2009, I was greatly humbled when Kip asked me to serve as the Lead CyberEvangelist for the SoldOut Movement’s Global Internet Ministries. Of tremendous encouragement to me are my fellow CyberEvangelists: Jeremy Ciaramella, Tim Kernan, Rob Onekea and Jake Studer.)

The Portland Controversy

In June 2004, just eleven months after coming to Portland, Kip and the Portland Church hosted the first World Missions Jubilee entitled, The Lord Of The Fellowship. Many leaders of the ICOC attended – some genuinely interested in the incredible growth in the Portland Church; others came skeptical, even scornful. Trying desperately to bring reform, repentance and unity to what remained of the ICOC, Kip asked several of the more influential leaders in what remained of the ICOC to speak on the program. Most accepted this invitation. However, controversy soon followed as Kip delivered one of the most impassioned pleas for world evangelism through “making disciples”. in his message, A Great Light Has Dawned.

In the summer of 2005, the World Missions Jubilee was entitled UpsideDown21. It was on this momentous occasion after prayer and fasting that Kip decided that the only way to salvage the ICOC as a discipling movement was by “calling out the remnant.” Even greater controversy followed. In September, in reaction to Kip’s “calling out the remnant,” he was “uninvited” by Scott Green from speaking at the ICOC Leadership Meeting in Seattle set for early September 2005.

In Phoenix, adding fuel to the Spirit’s fire, Chris and Sonja Chloupek – former high-profile ministry leaders in the LA ICOC – after visiting the Portland Church in late September 2005, decided to confront Gordon Ferguson, a former Kingdom Teacher and now the preacher for the “very Mainline” Phoenix Valley Church of Christ – formerly the Phoenix International Church of Christ. They challenged him on the lukewarmness in the Phoenix Church, as well as the hundreds of disciples that had fallen or walked away. They appealed to Ferguson to ask Kip for help. In anger, Ferguson refused to seek help. Seeing his hardness of heart, the Chloupeks asked Kip if he would back them in starting what came to be known as the first “remnant group.” Now, all around the world, the term “Portland Movement” began to be whispered with the hope of a new day!